Whether you’re new to giving CBD oil for dogs or would like to learn more, this guide will help you understand how, when, and why to use CBD for your dog. As long as you’re using THC-free, hemp-derived, pure isolate CBD oil, it should be okay to give your dog the same CBD oil you’re using. Using human CBD oil for dogs is safe unless with THC. So, choose those CBD oils that don't contain THC to protect your pet.
CBD Oil for Dogs: How much CBD should I give my dog?
Though it has many potential benefits for dogs, giving your dog CBD oil can be confusing. How much CBD oil your dog needs depends on your dog’s weight, how many milligrams of CBD are in the CBD product, and why your dog needs CBD in the first place.
The most accurate advice we can give is to start small with the CBD dosage and work your way up using the product’s dosing guidelines. With this in mind, let’s take a closer look at giving your dog CBD as we discuss CBD oil, potential side effects, and proper dosage recommendations.
Why use CBD oil for dogs?
Before we jump into the relationship between CBD oil and dogs, let’s examine CBD in greater detail. CBD, or cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid found in the hemp plant.
Because most CBD is extracted from the hemp plant, very few products will contain trace amounts of THC, and these products won’t get you or your pet high. Used in tinctures, edibles, and oils, CBD became widely available across the country after the Farm Bill passed in 2018 that allowed the nationwide sale of CBD products so long as they contain less than 0.3% THC.
Much like us humans, your dog also has what’s called an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that allows cannabinoids like CBD to interact with its body. This system contains receptors that accept cannabinoids to influence a range of functions of the body, from emotional reactivity to sleep and more. While the body makes its own cannabinoids called endocannabinoids, we can supply it with cannabinoids from outside the body to aid internal functions.
Is it safe for pets?
While the benefits of CBD are extensive for people, high-quality CBD oil can also be very beneficial for your furry friend, potentially helping him or her to stay calm or alleviate joint or mobility issues that come with age.
It’s generally safe to give your dog CBD, but mild side effects may occur. For instance, your dog may be lethargic or clumsy until he metabolizes the CBD. Your dog may also experience diarrhea, but this is more often a result of a high dose of CBD rather than a common CBD effect. To prevent running into any unexpected issues, remember to start small and reduce the amount of CBD oil you give him or her. Remember that dogs have fewer endocannabinoid receptors than humans, so effective CBD dosages may be higher relative to their size than a human would need.
Though minimal side effects may occur, no reports have shown any long-term negative effects associated with giving your dog CBD oil if you follow normal dosage guidelines. Consider talking with your vet to ensure you give your dog a healthy serving of CBD oil.
Understanding canine CBD dosage guidelines
Giving your dog the right dosage of CBD oil is important, but CBD product packaging can be tricky to interpret. Most CBD products list the total amount of CBD in the entire package in milligrams (mg), but the dosage of CBD your dog receives per serving may be less. For instance, a bottle of 30 CBD capsules may advertise 1000 milligrams on the packaging, so this simply means each capsule contains 33 milligrams of CBD per serving.
To determine how much CBD your dog is getting, it’s best to refer to the packaging and instructions. Most products will list how much CBD is in a full dropper, so you should know how many milliliters your dropper contains. From there, you can break down the amount of CBD within that dropper.
For instance, if a dropper filled with 1ml of full spectrum CBD oil contains 8mg of CBD, half the dropper (0.5ml) will contain 4mg of CBD. A quarter of the dropper (0.25ml) will contain 2mg of CBD. Breaking down the dropper’s measurements allow for easier dosage as you determine how much CBD your dog needs to find the desired effects.
What’s the proper dosage for dogs?
The recommended dosage of CBD oil for your dog will depend almost entirely upon his or her body weight. As an example, you can use the dosing chart below to find out how many milligrams of Zen Pets CBD to give your dog.
Keep in mind these are lower doses used primarily as a starting point. Large dogs that weigh more than 100 pounds may need higher doses to benefit from the effects of CBD oil.
A CBD product such as Populum’s Zen Pets Hemp Calming Oil will come in 100mg and 250mg options that contain 3.3 mg and 8 mg of CBD oil per dropper, respectively. However, you can increase or decrease the CBD dose based on your pet’s needs.
The quality of your CBD oil matters
It’s important to pay attention to the quality of your CBD oil because CBD from different sources may result in different potencies. For instance, 1mg of CBD oil from one company may not work as well as 1mg of CBD oil from another company. Below you’ll find some common variables that will affect the quality of your CBD.
- If the CBD oil is CBD isolate or full spectrum CBD
- The dog treat ingredients or oil base used to carry the CBD
- The chemical makeup of the hemp extract used to make the CBD oil
CBD isolate and full spectrum CBD are different products that are important to understand. CBD isolate is pure CBD taken from the hemp plant that contains no other cannabinoids, including THC. Full spectrum CBD, on the other hand, is hemp CBD that comes straight from the hemp plant and therefore contains trace amounts of THC below 0.3%. This amount of THC is harmless, no matter if you’re working with small dogs or large dogs.
We recommend using full spectrum CBD because the various cannabinoids will work together through what is known as the entourage effect. The entourage effect helps maximize the therapeutic effects of CBD by ensuring your pet can absorb CBD to the greatest possible degree.
CBD benefits for your dog
A regular dose of CBD oil can benefit your dog for various reasons.
If your dog suffers from chronic pain or joint pain, talk with your vet to determine if CBD oil can provide relief. Breeds that suffer from hip dysplasia such as the German Shepherd may benefit from a regular dose of CBD oil.
If your dog suffers from anxiety due to loud noises such as thunderstorms, you might give them CBD oil just before the noise occurs. For example, if fireworks on the Fourth of July make your dog anxious, you can give them CBD a few minutes before the fireworks begin to ensure they are prepared. In this case, you may also give them a higher dosage than is recommended on the CBD product packaging.
For general wellness, simply give your dog a lower dose of CBD over time. CBD will build up in the body and works best through this method.
Adding CBD oil to your dog’s daily diet
Using CBD oil for dogs is a relatively new trend supported in part by anecdotal evidence. While little research has been conducted on how CBD affects dogs, evidence does suggest cannabidiol’s interaction with the endocannabinoid system can help maintain balance in the body and keep things stable.
Start by finding the right dosage of CBD oil based on your dog’s body weight, and take things slowly from there. Speak with your vet if you have any questions, and use third-party-tested CBD oil to provide your dog with the high-quality CBD he or she deserves. Different breeds and sizes of dogs metabolize CBD at different rates, so be patient, some dogs respond almost immediately (especially ones with joint issues), while other dogs may take a little longer to show effects from CBD.
Can I give my dog CBD oil for humans?
Oils containing high amounts of THC can be toxic to dogs. Pets should steer clear of any product made from marijuana rather than hemp plants, and should never consume oil containing more than 0.3% THC.
Beyond THC levels, dogs (like humans) benefit from quality production. Many human CBD oils contain super-strength isolates and imported ingredients. Dogs need carefully produced full spectrum oil extracted from CBD-rich strains.
If a CBD oil intended for humans doesn’t include any of the above, it’s likely okay for dogs to consume. But remember, dogs usually require much lower dosages than humans!
When properly extracted, most CBD oils for animals and humans are similar. Both should be free of contaminants, come from certified industrial hemp farms, and have minimal amounts of the cannabinoid THC.
So as long as CBD oil is made from hemp and contains less than 0.3% THC, it should be okay to give your pup the same product you’re using.
Really, the question here is about the quality of CBD products, amount of THC, and strength dosages.
What’s the difference?
Marijuana vs hemp
Human CBD oils are more diverse than CBD oils for dogs. In the human market, CBD can be paired with other cannabis derivatives, such as THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis that creates the ‘stoned’ high for which the plant is famous.
You’re most likely to encounter this THC/CBD oil in states that have legalized marijuana for recreational or medical use. For everyone else—and dogs—CBD should only have trace amounts of THC, up to 0.3 percent.
The other major difference between dog-approved and non-appropriate CBD oils is where the CBD is extracted from. Low or zero CBD oil is likely extracted from the hemp plants—the non-psychoactive species of cannabis. CBD oil containing more moderate levels of THC is likely to have come from marijuana strains.
CBD oil extracted from marijuana is often used by people looking for the benefits of THC and terpenes, without the full psychoactive effects of inhaling or eating cannabis. While this might work for you, your dog is not interested.
Another element of human CBD oil that may be an issue for dogs are terpenes. Terpenes are found in the essential oils of many pungent plants, from conifers and pines to citrus fruits, as well as in cannabis.
The aromatic profile of terpenes plays a big role in determining the flavor of cannabis strains, but growing evidence also suggests that terpenes contribute to cannabinoid’s bioactivity, creating something called the entourage effect.
Dogs can and do ingest terpenes all the time—in fact, most drug sniffer dogs are trained to detect cannabis by its terpene profile. However, some believe that dogs experience a higher risk of gastrointestinal irritation when regularly consuming CBD products containing high concentrations of pungent terpenes.
If your dog has a sensitive stomach, or if you’d rather not expose them to anything but CBD alone, many brands sell ‘pure isolate’ products.
Recommended CBD dosages for humans do not apply to dogs. So if you are sharing your personal supply with your pup, make sure to follow our dosage guide, which recommends starting at 0.2mg of CBD per kg of doggyweight.
From there, feel free to gradually raise the amount if your dog continues to respond well. If using human CBD oil, you will need to calculate how milligrams of CBD per milliliter of your CBD oil (for reference, there are just under 30ml in one fluid ounce.)
A 2017 survey on the labeling accuracy of more than 80 CBD products found that over 40 percent of products under-labeled their concentration of CBD. While this isn’t necessarily a serious issue, given CBD’s very high toxicity threshold, dogs lower dosage needs mean they are more likely to be affected by mislabeling than humans.
Not every CBD oil is made from the same constituent ingredients. Even pure isolate CBD needs some form of carrier oil to aid digestion and maintain freshness—and not all oils used in human products are ideal for consumption by dogs.
The most common carrier oils for CBD include hemp seed oil, coconut and palm oil (MCTs), avocado oil, and grape seed oil. Thanks to its availability, high-fat content, and (some say) preferable taste, MCT or medium-chain triglyceride oil is often the preferred choice .
THC and dogs
Again, the main issue with human CBD oil is that it often has a higher THC content. While not necessarily harmful, dogs and THC do not mix well. If your dog does happen to ingest THC, expect to see symptoms ranging from confusion, anxiety, and paranoia, to discoordination, drunkenness, and lethargy.
If you think your dog may have accidentally consumed a cannabis product containing high amounts of THC, it’s important to inform your vet and monitor them closely.
Check out our 10 best CBD oils for dogs for a safe and effective list of products.
Is Human CBD Oil Safe to Use for Dogs?
Human CBD oil is safe for dogs and is getting more and more popular with pet owners.
In fact, in a survey of 1,448 pet owners in the US, 50% of them use CBD for their cat or dog.
The deeper you understand CBD, the easier it will be to choose the best for your dog.
Human CBD Oil for Dogs
Although it’s not common and has different concentrations, some dog owners use human CBD for their pets.
However, vets recommend specific CBD products specifically for dogs.
Is It Safe to Give Dogs Human CBD Oil?
Studies show that human hemp is safe to use for dogs. Though it is typically safe for dogs, a particular chemical compound can endanger them.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC, is a psychoactive substance that could lead to depression of the central nervous system.
So, before giving human CBD to your pups, make sure to check if it contains THC.
For the safety of your pet, choose the human CBD with no more than 0.3% THC content.
What Ingredients in Human CBD Is Safe for Dogs?
Human CBD is different from CBD for pets like dogs. Before giving your CBD to your dog, consider these things:
1. THC-free CBD Product
Studies have different reports about the effect of THC on your dog. For their safety, you should avoid it altogether.
Find CBD products that contain no more than 0.3% or are THC-free. It may be an isolate, broad-spectrum, or full-spectrum type of CBD.
2. Sugar-free CBD oil
Pick a CBD that has no sugar content. Some manufacturers add artificial sweeteners for a better taste. But, this may lead to future problems for your health.
That’s also the case for your four-legged friend. It’s always better to choose sugar-free CBD to prevent health problems build up.
Best Human CBD Oil Brands for Dogs
There are many CBD companies that you can trust that provide the best CBD products. Try considering these companies when choosing a safe one for you and your dog.
This company is well known for its budget-friendly CBD products. They offer the best product for you and your four-legged friend.
All their products undergo a third-party lab test, making them safer to use. You can surely trust that they don’t use any additives or preservatives and is a THC-free product.
2. Royal CBD
The company’s name indicates that they provide CBD products that fit royalty. They prioritize producing high-quality products for humans and animals over anything else.
Their products are purely from organic ingredients grown from American farms.
3. Medterra CBD
Like the other companies, Medterra provides the safest and most high-quality products. They have CBD products that help you and your dog recover, relax, sleep, focus and boost the immune system.
Their products are from isolate, broad-spectrum, and full-spectrum CBD. It is also USDA certified and follows the regulations of the Department of Agriculture in Kentucky.
4. CBD American Shaman
American Shaman dedicates to giving wellness to all humans and animals worldwide.
Their products are legal in 50 states, are eco-friendly, gluten-free, and tested using Ultra Performance Convergence Chromatography.
How to Administer Human CBD Oil to Dogs?
Giving human CBD for dogs is usually by oral application.
If it’s hemp oil, you can use a dropper to apply it to your dog’s mouth directly.
And, if you’re using other CBD products like CBD treats, you can also directly put it to their mouth.
At first, they might hate the taste, so you may mix it with their food so that they will not notice it.
Dogs will eventually like CBD if you regularly give it to them.
Different Dosages of Human CBD Oil that Are Dog-Friendly
A good start of hemp dosage for your dog is 1-2 mg for every 10 pounds of their weight. But remember that every product has a different concentration.
Here are some dosage guidelines of human CBD for dogs that you can consider.
Difference Between CBD for Dogs & CBD for Humans
There’s no significant difference between CBD for dogs and humans based on some studies. They have the same quality and differ only in concentration.
If you want to give your CBD to your dog, use one that also suits them. Not so high or low of a concentration.
But, if you don’t want to buy another one and give the CBD you’re using, be sure to check its label and dosage.
Depending on the dog’s weight, age, and condition, you must provide the dose.
Effects of Giving Human Cannabidiol to Dogs
Human CBD also has many health benefits. It is good in inflammation, healing pain, lessening nausea, and decreasing anxiety levels.
Companies that produce human CBD products have different concentrations depending on the human condition you are using it for. So don’t just assume that all human CBD are alike. Always read the label, and adjust it to fit your specific dog.
For example, a human CBD product for anxiety is CBD for inflammation.
So, if you’re using CBD, you’re not the only one who can benefit from it, but also your furry friend.
Human CBD Safe for Dogs and Our Final Thoughts
Using CBD oil for dogs can help them in many ways.
If you use human CBD for dogs, you don’t have to worry that much because it is safe.
But you must consider two things first: ensure that your CBD has no more than 0.3% or THC-free and the concentration of the human CBD Oil.
Whether you give human CBD or the one exclusively for dogs, the effects are still the same. The dosage of the human CBD used for dogs’ may be different than CBD for pets. Read the label, consider your dog’s size, age and condition, then adjust accordingly.
We recommend that you consult your vet for the best decision. They will surely tell you the advised CBD for dogs and humans.