Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
The recent emergence of cannabidiol (CBD) oil has crept into nearly every facet of daily life, from the coffee shop to the pharmacy shelves. But humans aren’t the only species who can reap the potential benefits of CBD, a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. As it turns out, CBD may also improve the well-being of man’s best friend, turning an anxious whimper into a joyous tail wag.
Pet owners have undoubtedly noticed CBD products aimed at their furry friends popping up in pet stores and online.
CBD’s potential health benefits for pets mirror those touted for humans, including help for joint pain, arthritis, appetite stimulation, seizures, nausea, stress, anxiety, back pain, symptoms of cancer, and gastrointestinal problems. However, as in the case of humans, research is still limited and much of the evidence of effectiveness is anecdotal in nature.
CBD oil is generally safe, there is a possibility that an exceedingly high dose could cause side effects, such as loose stool, in smaller dogs. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
But that hasn’t stopped pet owners from reaching for the CBD oil when their dog suffers from health issues like chronic pain from arthritis or anxiety from holiday fireworks. Additionally, due to CBD’s purported calming effects, some have also attempted to use CBD oil for hyperactive dogs, hoping to keep them relaxed in stressful situations.
Pet CBD oil vs. human CBD oil
Whether it’s for dogs or humans, there are countless CBD oil brands available. Dog owners who use CBD oil themselves and are considering trying it out for their dog may wonder if there is a difference between pet CBD oil and human CBD oil. The short answer is no.
“There should be no difference in ‘pet-quality’ oils,” said holistic veterinarian Judy Morgan. “Many human oils are pretty concentrated, so dosing becomes an issue for small pets.”
What if you want to utilize the same CBD oil as your faithful companion? Can humans take pet CBD oil without experiencing any adverse side effects? Morgan explained that, if the CBD oil manufacturer is a good one, it will make oils that are human-grade – meaning this will be good enough for both you and your pet.
“Yes, dogs can use human CBD oil,” she said. “Humans could take pet CBD oil if it is human grade and not adulterated in any way.”
Importance of quality
Of course, considering the vast number of CBD oil products currently on the market – partially because of the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp production in the United States – an important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. CBD oil can be derived from either hemp or marijuana, both of which are cannabis plants. Since marijuana is still illegal on a federal level, consumers are likely seeing many hemp-derived CBD oil products on the market. Marijuana-based CBD oil is legal in states that have legalized it for recreational or medical marijuana use.
An important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Despite hemp’s legalization, CBD oil is currently in a state of regulatory flux in the U.S. With this lack of current regulation of CBD oil, there’s a need for consumers to educate themselves about CBD oil products and manufacturers they are considering. In fact, certain studies show that many of the products on the market are falsely labeled. In one November 2017 study, researchers tested 84 CBD products from 31 companies and found that only 30.95% were accurately labeled with the correct amount of CBD.
One way to make sure a CBD oil’s manufacturer is reputable is by purchasing a product that includes a certificate of analysis from a third-party testing lab. You can also look for a product that was manufactured in a Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP)-compliant facility, which must follow certain Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards to qualify. When reading the bottle label, make sure it also contains other information including the amount of active CBD per serving, a full ingredients list, net weight, manufacturer or distributor name, suggested use, and batch or date code.
Morgan recommends purchasing an organic, full-spectrum CBD oil with no add-ins or additives other than the carrier oil, which is usually a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil like coconut oil.
Is CBD oil safe for dogs?
CBD oil is generally considered safe for humans and dogs, but more research is still needed. One scientific report published in the “Journal of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association” studied the potential adverse effects of giving CBD to 30 healthy beagles.
Stephanie McGrath, a veterinary neurologist at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, worked on the study.
“Overall, the product was well tolerated clinically. However, clinically significant adverse effects, particularly diarrhea and elevations in serum ALP levels, are noteworthy and warrant further discussion and research,” McGrath told Weedmaps News.
ALP is alkaline phosphatase, which is a protein found in all body tissues.
Morgan said that while CBD oil is generally safe, there is a possibility that an exceedingly high dose could cause side effects in smaller dogs.
“Although I have had people accidentally use 10 times the recommended dose with no side effects,” Morgan said, “the side effects would be more magnified in very small dogs, especially if using a very concentrated oil.”
She said she hasn’t seen many side effects of CBD oil use in dogs.
“Maybe occasional loose stool with high doses,” she said. “CBD does use an enzyme system in the liver, so dogs with impaired liver function may need lower dosing.”
Possible side effects of CBD use in dogs include increased thirst in dogs, lower blood pressure, light-headedness, and drowsiness. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
According to an article on the American Kennel Club website, possible side effects of CBD use in dogs – based on human side effects – could include dry mouth (increased thirst in dogs), lower blood pressure, light-headedness, and drowsiness.
Another potential risk for dogs is the consumption of too much THC, the intoxicating cannabinoid found in marijuana. In states where marijuana is legal, CBD oil products derived from marijuana may contain much higher doses of THC than the 0.3% maximum allowed in hemp products in other states. Also, given the lack of regulation of CBD products, there is potentially more THC in CBD oil products than consumers realize.
According to Morgan animals have a low tolerance for the powerful psychoactive effects of THC. She said common symptoms of intoxication include ataxia (walking in a drunken manner), dilated or glazed eyes, dull mental activity, vomiting, dribbling urine, and rapid or slow heart rate. Some pets may become agitated while others will demonstrate stupor. The risks include coma, seizures, and even death in high doses.
Is hemp oil safe for dogs?
You should also be on the lookout for product labels that claim to contain hemp oil or other products derived from hemp seeds, as these will not include any CBD at all. Without the inclusion of this cannabinoid, hemp oil will not provide the same potentially therapeutic effects to your pooch as CBD oil. However, hemp oil has been proven to be an excellent nutritional supplement for both humans and dogs. Hemp seeds, which are pressed to create hemp oil, are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids.
Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
Keeping in mind the issues of product quality and labeling, the answer is yes, you can give human CBD oil to your dog. However, dosing is a big part of proper administration. As yet, there is no official standardized dosing chart for pets – or humans, for that matter. But Morgan’s recommendation is 1 milligram per 10 pounds of body weight. If using human CBD oil, you will need to figure out how many milligrams of CBD are in a milliliter of the oil you have. There are about 30 milliliters in 1 fluid ounce, which is a common CBD oil bottle size.
Let’s say, for example, that one 30 milliliter bottle contains 500 milligrams of CBD, and a standard dropper usually holds 1 milliliter. Some quick math can help you figure out the most effective dosage. Simply divide the milligrams of CBD by the amount of oil in the bottle. In this example, each milliliter, or full dropper, should have about 16.6 milligrams of CBD. When it comes to dosing, always start on the lower side first and remember, it’s one milligram per 10 pounds of body weight, not one dropper full. So, we’ve figured out how to measure out dosages, but you also need to know how to give CBD oil to dogs.
CBD oil can be given to pets by mouth, with food or treats, or even in water. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Jeremy Feldman, co-founder of Pet-Ness, which sells hemp-derived CBD oil and chews for pets, said CBD oil can be given to pets by mouth, with food or treats, or even in water.
“Most dogs just lick it right off the dropper,” he said.
He added that if it’s a glass dropper, however, make sure your dog doesn’t bite down. Feldman also recommended applying the CBD oil directly onto your dog’s skin to potentially help with things like skin issues or muscle soreness.
CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know
As with any pet wellness trend, when it comes to CBD oil for dogs, there’s a lot of information floating around the internet, and it’s difficult to know what’s accurate and what’s exaggeration. Of course, you want to do what’s best for your pup, which leads to the question: What do I need to know about CBD oil for dogs?
The AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein, explains what CBD oil is, what it does for dogs, and its safety concerns and potential side effects.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis and hemp. Dr. Klein says it is essential to note that in most cases, CBD oil does not contain delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that gives marijuana its psychoactive properties. In fact, most CBD products are derived from hemp and not from marijuana.
How Does CBD Affect Dogs?
Currently, there has been no formal study on how CBD affects dogs. What scientists do know is that cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems, which help maintain balance in the body and keep it in a normal healthy state.
What Dog Health Problems Can CBD Oil Treat?
While there’s no definitive scientific data on using CBD to treat dogs, there’s anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting it can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, as well as helping to control seizures.
According to Dr. Klein, CBD is also used because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, and for possible anti-cancer benefits, although there’s no conclusive data on this use.
The AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) is sponsoring a study through the Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences to evaluate the use of CBD in treatment-resistant epileptic dogs. The CHF hopes that this will be the first study to gain scientific data on the use of CBD in dogs with this condition.
Possible Side Effects of CBD in Dogs
While there’s no scientific data on the side effects of CBD usage for dogs, there are potential side effects based on how CBD affects humans. To minimize any potential side effects, make sure you are following the proper dosage.
- Dry mouth: Research has shown that CBD can decrease the production of saliva. For dogs, this would manifest as an increased thirst.
- Lowered blood pressure: High doses of CBD have been known to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure. Even though the drop is small, it might create a brief feeling of light-headedness.
- Drowsiness: Dog owners have used CBD to treat anxiety. The calming effect of CBD can also cause slight drowsiness, especially when using higher doses.
Risks of Using CBD Oil for Dogs
The safety and risks of using CBD for dogs have not yet been researched. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart. Therefore, we do not know what size dosage would be toxic. Any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction. It is always advisable, when giving your dog something new, to start out with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your veterinarian first.
CBD Products on the Market
If you and your veterinarian decide that you should try CBD as a treatment for your dog, there are a few things to keep in mind when purchasing CBD oil. Not all oils are the same; you’ll want high-quality CBD oil to have a better chance of it working.
- Look for organic. If the CBD oil is not organic, it at least should not contain pesticides, fungicides, or solvents.
- Don’t only shop based on price. Higher quality and purity are usually associated with a higher cost. A cheaper option could contain toxic substances such as pesticides, herbicides, or heavy metals. Make sure your CBD oil is free of additives.
- Get the analysis. The manufacturer should provide a certificate that certifies the amount of CBD that is in the product. Many CBD products contain only small amounts of CBD. You’ll also want to make sure there is little or no THC in the product.
- Buy CBD as a liquid. You can buy dog treats containing CBD, but the best form to administer is an oil or tincture. This way, you can adjust your dog’s dose drop by drop.
The CBD Wellness Trend
Why are we hearing so much about CBD oil now? Dr. Klein points to the legalization of marijuana in many places, which has triggered interest in potential health benefits of marijuana-related products. “We are likely to see continued interest in CBD and an increase in research about its uses and efficacy in the coming years,” he says.
Learn more about the CBD study funded by the Canine Health Foundation.
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Can Humans Use Pet CBD Oil?
CBD oil has recently made headlines in newspapers, magazines, and social media athlete pages. It is repeatedly touted as a versatile supplement that could help improve the quality of your (and your pets) life both immediately and long term.
CBD is an increasingly popular ingredient in many health and wellness circles. There has been a lot of buzz about CBD oil in the last few years, but what exactly is CBD oil?
What is CBD Oil?
First, the acronym ‘CBD’ stands for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is a naturally-occurring chemical compound found in the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the hemp plant.
Hemp oil is NOT marijuana, but it’s one of many cannabis plants. It is a close cousin of cannabis, but hemp does not contain THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is the chemical compound in cannabis that causes you to feel high.
CBD oil is made by isolating the individual CBD compounds through extraction and then distilling them in alcohol to remove impurities. They’re usually then suspended in a carrier oil. Plants have been used by humans throughout history to improve physical and mental health and to mitigate the damage to our bodies by disease.
Specific plants have long been used in medicine, magic, and folklore, and many sets of prehistoric remains have been found with ritualistically-carried herb and plant matter on their bodies and in their camps.
The discovery of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) provided solid biologically-backed evidence of what humans have known since we were barely human: that plants have a profound ability to control, enhance, and heal our bodies and our minds.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays an incredibly important role in creating memories, stabilizing mood, and regulating hormone production. It can help your brain and body learn to adapt to stress, both chronic (like work deadlines and traffic) and acute stress (particularly helpful in survival situations).
It can control the ability (or inability) to reproduce. It can affect all our body’s primary functions including depth and quality of sleep, digestion and proper absorption of nutrients, and the way our immune system protects us from illness.
An insensitivity to CBD could play a role in chronic illness and may point to how and why our bodies suddenly develop diseases like cancer.
When taking CBD oil, the CBD oils essentially encourages our bodies to work with our endocannabinoid system to maintain internal homeostasis, which is the balance across all our major regulatory systems (the nervous system, for example, or circulatory system).
It helps our body synchronize the chemicals and hormones we produce and use every day, can help manage many medical conditions (including anxiety, depression, epilepsy, cancer, and chronic pain and inflammation), and improves overall health and well-being.
Many people say they feel better, younger, and in better general health when regularly using quality top-tier CBD oil.
CBD is safe, effective, and easily metabolized by everyone. It is virtually impossible to take too high of a dosage with pet CBD oil or human CBD oil. There is no risk of becoming chemically dependent on (or addicted to) CBD oil. No serious side effects have been reported. On rare occasions mild diarrhea or slight drowsiness has been linked to high dosages.
How Do You Use CBD Oil?
The CBD oil that consumers can purchase in stores and online come in many forms: tinctures, capsules, and edibles.
Tinctures are often used sublingually, which means they are placed under the tongue for 60 seconds and then swallowed, and can be absorbed into the body significantly faster than capsules or edibles.
Sublingual CBD oil can provide by far the most efficient relief : you could start feeling the effects of a CBD oil tincture in as little as 10 or 15 minutes versus the 30 to 45 minutes, on average, for other methods, particularly those that require digestion.
The average dosage of CBD depends on what you need it for. For example, pet owners and their dogs won’t require the same dosage of CBD. CBD dosage will be lower for a dog compared to human consumption. Human grade CBD and high quality CBD yields many benefits when the proper dosage is administered.
The dosage for pets will be based on the pounds of body weight. With a dogs or cats, the difference between CBD oil for pets and humans will differ. CBD products will tell you how big your dosage should be. A heavier pet will require a high dose of quality CBD compared to a smaller-sized pet, which will require a lower dose.
Even 10 pounds of body weight can make a major difference in how much CBD to take. A good idea is to look at the labels on pet products to better understand the right dose.
For example, before you give CBD to your dog, check with your vet. The veterinarian your dog sees on a regular basis can give you better information than the label on a CBD bottle. Ask your vet is it’s safe for your dog to take CBD before giving it to your pup!
Remember that CBD is not intended to diagnose treat cure health related problems or prevent any disease. Instead, it’s used as one of many dietary supplements that minimize the pain caused by related symptoms.
CBD oil for pets comes in a various forms. There are two types of CBD oil available for pets: CBD isolates and full-spectrum CBD oil.
THC is the psychoactive chemical compound in cannabis. THC is illegal in a number of places and THC is incredibly toxic to animals. It absolutely should not be present, in any amount, in pet-friendly products. Only buy THC-free CBD oil for pets!
Of course, the most popular (and most widely available) CBD products right now are the oil tinctures and capsules or pills. These provide an easy, effective way of getting CBD oil into your body, they’re easy to fit into your day, and they make dosing simple. Many times you can find a pill with the exact dosage you need so there is no measuring or math needed!
**Remember to check the ingredients list and the label for any other information before using your oil.**
Can Humans Take Pet CBD Oil or Not?
Have you ever asked yourself, “Can humans take pet CBD oil or not?” It’s a reasonable question! In short, the answer to “Can humans take pet CBD oil or not?” is yes! Human CBD oil and pet CBD oil are virtually interchangeable. Dogs, humans and pets can all take CBD oil.
So, what CBD oil can humans take?
Let’s answer the question of what CBD oil can humans take!
When thinking about the answer to the question, “Can humans take pet CBD oil or not?” it helps to remember what CBD is used for. Animals can suffer from the same medical conditions that humans can and the symptoms can be treated with high quality CBD oil. So if anyone ever asks you, “Can humans take pet CBD oil or not?” you’ll know what to say!
Arthritis, lack of appetite, anxiety, cancer affect pets and humans. Pet CBD can be just as safe and effective for your pets as it is for you! There’s not much difference between CBD oil for pets vs humans CBD.
CBD affects everyone very similarly. Even the most primitive animals have cannabinoid receptors! In humans and pets, cannabinoid receptors make it possible for them to consume CBD products and reap the benefits of CBD. It’s like a digestive system for CBD.
Most CBD oil products are safe for both humans and pets. However, you might be confused about which oil can humans take because of pet CBD labels. CBD oil for dogs will explicitly say it’s CBD oil for dogs because of marketing. Likewise, human CBD oil is marketed for human consumption, so CBD oil for humans will be clearly marked. Human CBD is subjected to more stringent regulations than pet CBD oil and pet CBD products.
Even so, CBD products are for everyone. Humans can take pet CBD oil or human grade oils, and pets can take CBD oil for humans. Like all substances, CBD products for pets must adhere to more rigorous testing procedures as evaluated by the FDA or Federal Drug Administration. CBD oil products are subjected to stricter labeling guidelines by the FDA as well. If a product is not approved by the FDA then you shouldn’t buy it. The FDA has these guidelines in place for a reason!
Check with your doctor or veterinarian to see if you and your pet are candidates for cannabidiol use. It could be the invigorating, revitalizing, life-changing solution modern humans and pets need to function at their peak!