CBD Oil 101

Is CBD legal? Will it make me high? These are just some of the common questions many newcomers to CBD have. Find the answers to these and more here. Got questions about CBD oil? This guide can help you find answers. Learn more about what CBD oil is, what it can do, and how to select a reliable, quality product. CBD, cannabidiol, is one of over 100 compounds from the cannabis plant and is most often derived from hemp. Despite the negative connotation or “high” imagery that comes to mind when you hear cannabis, CBD does not alter your behavior in any way.

CBD 101: The Complete Guide to CBD

CBD (or cannabidiol), is one of the many active chemical compounds found in the cannabis sativa plant, also known as cannabis or hemp.

While it is an essential component of medical marijuana, CBD is a non-psychoactive compound that does not cause the sensation of ‘getting high’ that is often associated with cannabis.

In This Article

Much of the doubt about CBD stems from confusion about its relation to Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is a separate compound in the hemp plant and the chemical responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis.

CBD is a naturally occurring substance that is derived directly from the hemp plant. Hemp plants contain low levels of THC (0.3% or less), making them a primary source for creating CBD extracts. Through an extensive extraction process , THC is eliminated to create a zero-THC formula.

In some instances, small traces of THC can be left behind, but these levels must remain below 0.3% which is the legal threshold for cultivating hemp in the United States.

CBD is growing in popularity for its ability to help support our bodies and well-being in several ways, including:

  • Homeostasis (Balance)
  • Mood
  • Better Sleep
  • Immune Function
  • Digestion
  • Energy & Focus
  • Heart Health
  • Neurological Support
  • Skin Health
  • Exercise Recovery

We’re still learning more each year about how CBD works with our body’s immune and central nervous system receptors. Similarly, there is a lot of catching up to do with peer-reviewed studies on humans, given that limitations on hemp-derived CBD were only removed in 2018.

So if you’re new to CBD entirely, or just unclear on some of the science, dive into our CBD 101 guide for the answers to some of the most common questions.

What is CBD Used for?

People are turning to CBD and consider it beneficial in supporting physical and mental health.

It should be noted that some of the following requires more comprehensive scientific evidence to fully understand and support these uses of CBD. You should seek advice from a medical practitioner before taking CBD.

Habit Changes

CBD may support people who are trying to reduce dependencies on smoking or other substances. Research is ongoing on the role that CBD can play in supporting an individual managing feelings while trying to quit.

Studies and clinical trials are exploring reports that CBD in low doses can reduce general feelings of stress.

Authors of a 2015 review had suggested that the effects of CBD showed improved mood among people experiencing stress.

Muscle Soreness Due to Exercise

There are claims that the non-psychoactive compounds in CBD can reduce workout aches and discomfort.

CBD may have a positive impact for those that exercise frequently and contains anti-inflammatory properties.

Energy & Focus

Studies are still in its early stages and have mainly focused on this compound’s calming and relaxing properties. Early evidence also suggests, however, that CBD may help improve energy and focus.

How can a chemical compound that promotes calmness and relaxation also have the opposite effect? Read in detail how CBD can improve energy and focus here .

Heart Health

CBD’s antioxidative properties may be able to support heart health by maintaining blood pressure already within normal range.

Occasional Sleeplessness

CBD is known to have an impact on sleep modulation and help those who have trouble falling and staying asleep . Some experts attribute recent spikes in the sales of CBD products to our increasing desire to find alternative or complementary methods of relaxing and unwinding.

Skin Health

CBD is becoming a more common ingredient in skin creams and ointments. Skincare products containing CBD may be able to support skin health. Facial moisturizers containing CBD have also had success in acne prone skin.

How Can CBD Be Taken?

Hemp-derived CBD is available in a wide variety of consumer goods.

A considerable amount of these products are catered towards most diets and lifestyles. Often they are:

  • Vegan
  • Zero-calories
  • GMO-free
  • Fast-acting
  • 100% organic
  • Environmentally-friendly

Capsules

Set yourself up for peak performance with our next-level CBD products . Our formulations deliver a greater amount of CBD to your body–4x that of oil-based formulations [1] . As always, our CBD is THC-free, meaning you won’t experience any psychoactive effects after consumption.

  • CBD gel capsules, or softgels, are a popular option. Capsules are easy to swallow and often have no taste, meaning they can be added as a dietary supplement with food.
  • People often prefer taking flavorless or odorless capsules over tinctures, which can be oily and messy.

Consumers will have confidence when taking capsules that they will be receiving an accurate dosage of CBD versus taking “dropperfuls” of oils or tinctures.

[1] When compared after 2 hours to oil-based formulation such as tinctures, softgels and capsules with NextEvo absorption beginning in as little as 10 minutes

Cosmetics & Beauty Products

There are ranges of beauty and body products containing CBD, such as;

  • Body washes to help energize and hydrate
  • Muscle balms and bath bombs for relaxation
  • Moisturizers and lotions for massaging into skin
  • Topical ointments

Edibles

CBD can be incorporated or mixed with food or drink products, such as;

  • Chocolates & gummies
  • Baked goods
  • Cooking oil
  • Water
  • Infused juice and energy drinks
  • Tea & Coffee

Popular CBD tinctures are commonly oil formulas. CBD oils are typically taken by swallowing drops.

Recent research suggests that up to 95% of oil based formulas of CBD is not absorbed. There is also evidence showing that there is no benefit for holding an oil under the tongue as the oil cannot penetrate the oral mucosal tissue of the mouth. Instead, there’s a growing body of research around the effectiveness of water-soluble formulas that increase the bioavailability of CBD (how quickly and how much of it can reach your bloodstream).

Vaping CBD is increasing in popularity, but has been shown to be an unsafe practice regardless of the substances in the vape pen.

When vaping devices are heated, a chemical reaction takes place in the vapor, which could pose additional risks to the lungs, especially in young people.

We cover why oil products are an ineffective way of taking CBD here.

How Does CBD Work?

Is CBD legal? Will it make me high? These are just some of the common questions many newcomers to CBD have. Find the answers to these and more in our CBD 101 guide.

CBD helps to support our body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS) . This is our primary regulatory system which works to;

  • Regulate our internal processes (like sleep, mood).
  • Produce natural endogenous cannabinoids – these act like neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors throughout the body.
  • Promote homeostasis (balance) throughout the body.
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When the body recognizes a threat to the balance of its internal systems, cannabinoids bind to the receptors. This activates a warning signal to alert of potential damage to the body’s internal state of homeostasis.

CBD interacts with these receptors, which in turn helps stimulate our body’s natural production of endogenous cannabinoids and effectively blocks the central nervous system’s response to external stressors.

These receptors are found on the surface of cells throughout the body. The two main receptors are:

  • CB1 receptors: mainly found in the brain and spinal cord. They coordinate movement, emotion, mood, thinking, appetite, and other functions
  • CB2 receptors: found in the cells throughout the body’s immune system.

As daily stressors and poor lifestyle choices threaten to throw our bodies off balance, CBD can help to support and maintain an internal state of homeostasis.

To learn more about the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), see here.

What is the Difference Between CBD & THC?

CBD is non-psychoactive, whereas THC is.

CBD is just one of the hundreds of natural compounds found in the cannabis sativa plant (including THC).

While CBD and THC belong to the same plant species, they have different chemical compositions. One of the biggest differentiators is the amount of THC in each plant. Legally, hemp plants must have 0.3% or less THC.

A plant with more than 0.3% THC is considered a marijuana plant and cannot be sold in areas where cannabis has not been legalized by a state, either for medical or adult use.

This means hemp-derived CBD isn’t intoxicating and allows you to take advantage of the support it helps to provide— without the psychoactive effects of THC.

Will CBD Make Me Feel High?

No, CBD is a non-psychoactive compound and will not get you high.

Because CBD is extracted from the same cannabis sativa strain of hemp as THC, it is often mistakenly associated with marijuana in the minds of both consumers and regulators.

Hemp-derived CBD will not cause a “buzzed” feeling. Instead, CBD often makes users feel calm, relaxed or focused.

THC does produce psychoactive effects. During the extraction process, THC is isolated and removed (although small traces of THC can be left behind). By law CBD products cannot contain more than 0.3% THC.

In fact, we manufacture our NextEvo TM Naturals Premium Pure CBD as THC-free formulas, so users can benefit from incorporating CBD products into their daily regimen.

Is CBD Safe?

Generally yes, CBD can be used as a safe and effective supplement. CBD is recognized as safe by The World Health Organization. They support the position that “there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD”.

With that said, there is a very small percentage of users who have experienced side effects after taking CBD. Potential risks and side effects are :

Possible Risks & Side Effects

  • Nausea – feelings of Dizziness or Fatigue
  • Heightened States of Euphoria
  • Diarrhea, Vomiting or Dry Mouth
  • Low Blood Pressure
  • Blood Thinning
  • Liver Damage
  • Interactions with other Drugs and Alcohol
  • Mood Changes – Irritability or Irritation
  • Gastrointestinal Problems
  • Loss of Appetite or Increased Hunger
  • Reduction in Fertility for Males

Avoid CBD If You Are …

  • Under 18 years of age. You must be 18+ to buy or consume CBD products in the U.S. Regular use among teenagers is associated with issues concerning memory, behavior and intelligence.
  • Pregnant or nursing. The FDA strongly advises against CBD use during or following pregnancy. CBD can be contaminated with other ingredients and can potentially be harmful to fetal development.
  • Taking certain medication. CBD might change how quickly the liver breaks down certain medications and change the effects of them. (People with liver disease may need to use lower doses of CBD). Check with your doctor about possible drug interactions.
  • Subject to regular drug testing. Even at THC levels below 0.3%, some CBD formulas can return a false positive. If in doubt, use a 0% THC formula.

Is CBD Legal?

CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States. You should check the cannabis laws in your state and any travel destination.

Cannabis that contains higher levels of THC is now listed as marijuana and remains a Schedule I drug.

Does CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?

CBD is usually absorbed and flushed from the body in a matter of hours and doesn’t attach to hair follicles, so it will not show up on a drug test. Bear in mind that most drug tests are not screening for THC and not CBD.

For peace of mind, stick to CBD products that contain zero THC (check the certificate of analysis).

How Do I Pick Good Quality CBD?

Unscrupulous CBD vendors exploit the fact that consumers are largely unaware of the difference between a low-quality and premium CBD formula. The difference in purity and effectiveness can be significant.

Look for producers who supply a Certificate of Analysis from a third-party laboratory. This will list the ingredients, from the CBD and other cannabinoid content, to the presence of heavy metals, pesticides, solvents and other undesirable ingredients.

By nature, CBD is a lipophilic compound. This means it is easily dissolved in oils and fats, but not in water. Given that our bodies are almost 60% water, oil-based CBD products pose a barrier to fast and effective delivery to the bloodstream. The level of absorption is also referred to as bioavailability.

If your body is having a hard time absorbing an ingredient, the product is considered to have poor bioavailability. Poor quality brands will fall short of their promised benefits by ignoring the importance of bioavailability in their formulations. Choose premium brands that use advanced technology – such as our SmartSorb™ formulation – to enhance the absorption of the CBD molecules and allow for greater levels of CBD to reach your bloodstream.

It’s important to purchase your pure CBD products from trusted retailers. There are some CBD products that may bypass thorough testing and the FDA has not published any guidance on manufacturing requirements. Many smaller retailers may sell low-grade products that could contain harmful toxins and very little CBD.

NextEvo is committed to rigorous scientific research to evaluate the safety and efficacy of our Premium Pure CBD products. NextEvo Naturals SmartSorb™ technology, a proprietary emulsion is clinically shown to deliver 4 times the CBD into your bloodstream and starts to get into your system in as little as 10 minutes.

What is CBD oil? A beginner’s guide to cannabidiol extracts

What exactly is CBD (cannabidiol) oil and what can it do? What doesn’t it do? You’re likely here because someone told you to try CBD oil for pain, insomnia, anxiety, cancer, or another medical condition. Or you may be interested in trying it for everyday wellness, like a daily supplement.

We’re glad you’re here, arming yourself with information before diving head-first into the world of CBD, where misinformation and dubious claims swarm around unregulated products. CBD products can offer excellent relief, but one essential takeaway here is this: Not all CBD oils are created equal.

In this guide, you’ll come to understand the many forms of CBD oil and their differences. By the end, you should feel equipped and ready to find a clean CBD oil with reliable potency.

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What is CBD oil?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of many chemical compounds (also called cannabinoids) produced by cannabis. CBD oil simply refers to an extract of cannabis or hemp that is formulated to contain high levels of CBD, and may capture varying levels of other plant compounds.

Products containing only CBD are non-intoxicating, unlike THC-rich products which cause the high commonly associated with cannabis.

Products containing only CBD are non-intoxicating, unlike THC-rich products which cause the high commonly associated with cannabis. This makes CBD a popular remedy among consumers looking for clear-headed relief of their symptoms. (Which symptoms, you ask? More on that below).

“CBD oil” is really a catch-all term used to describe CBD extracts more generally. While shopping for CBD oil, you’re likely to come across many different forms. The following products are some of the most popular forms of CBD oil.

  • CBD tinctures are liquid extracts that are applied under the tongue, where CBD is absorbed and enters the bloodstream. They typically come in a glass bottle with a dropper for dosing built into the lid.
  • CBD capsules are filled with oil and swallowed like a traditional supplement. These are packaged like bottles of vitamins or supplements, containing gelcaps filled with a golden oil.
  • CBD Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) refers to an alcohol-based extract that can be ingested or applied to the skin. It’s commonly packaged in a plastic plunger or applicator.
  • CBD vape oil may refer to either pre-filled oil cartridges that attach to vape batteries or vape juice used in e-cigarettes.
  • Dabbable CBD oil includes CBD-rich butane hash oil, live resins, rosin, and other forms used for a somewhat elaborate flash vaporization process known as “ dabbing .” We wouldn’t suggest beginners start here, but we mention it so you understand what you are (or aren’t!) shopping for at your next visit to the cannabis shop.

For more information on which forms of CBD most reliably deliver their advertised dose, check out the results of Leafly’s CBD investigation .

What are the effects and benefits of CBD oil?

The first question on your mind right now might be, will CBD oil get me high? The short answer is no, most will not. But that can depend on where you’re buying your CBD oil.

On its own, CBD is a non-impairing compound. Any CBD products you purchase online or at retailers like grocery and drug stores are required to contain less than 0.3% THC; that trace amount of THC will not result in detectable euphoric effects.

However, when shopping at your local cannabis shop, it’s important to note how much CBD and THC are in a product. Products that contain both CBD and THC are increasingly common at cannabis retailers and suit the needs of many consumers. But if you’re looking to avoid any noticeable high, consult your budtender and read the label of the product you’ve selected: Generally speaking, products with less than 1% of THC (or less than 2mg of THC) will not get you stoned, but it really varies from person to person .

CBD oil may not get you high, but that doesn’t mean it’s completely undetectable in your body. Depending on your dose, your unique biology, and how you consume it (e.g., tincture, lotion, vaporized oil, etc.), CBD oil can have a range of subtle effects including physical relaxation, stress relief, or a slightly alerting or sedating effect (more on that here ).

The most obvious effects of CBD oil should come in the form of symptom relief. Although research has yet to explore the full range of CBD’s utility, most people use CBD oil to manage symptoms related to:

But how effective is CBD oil at treating these conditions? Early studies and anecdotal reports are promising, but due to strict federal laws around cannabis, controlled clinical trials are lacking. So far, the safety profile of CBD appears to be very high, but it’s also important for consumers to take caution with potential drug interactions or products with questionable ingredients .

Finding the best CBD oil for you

Because CBD oil is not yet regulated, it’s up to the consumer to discern between high-quality concentrates and snake oil. As a general rule, we recommend purchasing organic, third-party tested oils sourced from domestically grown cannabis.

The wide variety of therapeutic compounds found in full-spectrum CBD oils make them popular among consumers wanting all the helpful ingredients they can get.

First, there are three distinct types of CBD oil you should know:

  • Full-spectrum CBDoil contains the full array of compounds produced by its source plant (CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids and terpenes ).
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains a wide array of the compounds produced by its source plant, but THC is removed.
  • CBD isolate contains only CBD—all other compounds have been removed.

The wide variety of therapeutic compounds found in full-spectrum CBD oils make them popular among consumers wanting all the helpful ingredients they can get. Broad-spectrum CBD oil or CBD isolate, however, would be a good choice for those wanting to avoid even trace amounts of THC due to, let’s say, an upcoming drug test.

CBD oil can be formulated in one of three ways: full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate. Full-spectrum CBD oils deliver the widest variety of therapeutic compounds, followed by broad-spectrum CBD oil which has all trace of THC removed. CBD isolate contains nothing but CBD. (Leafly)

CBD oil can be made from either hemp or traditional cannabis (think smokeable dried buds), as both produce CBD in their resinous glands. There a few key differences and characteristics worth noting:

  • Due to differences in legality, hemp-derived products are far more accessible and widely available for purchase online. Cannabis-derived CBD oil and similar products are only available at cannabis shops in areas with legal cannabis.
  • Hemp expresses fewer resin glands than traditional cannabis with a higher THC content, so more plant material is required to process CBD oil derived from hemp. Since hemp more readily absorbs soil contaminants in a process called bioaccumulation, its extracts have a higher likelihood of concentrating residual heavy metals .
  • Hemp is also more limited in its chemical diversity, which could potentially result in a less therapeutically potent product.

That’s not to say that there aren’t high-quality, organic, reliable, and clean hemp-derived CBD oils and other products, even in an unregulated era. We’re starting to see an uptick in producers dedicated to creating safe, effective, reliable hemp-derived CBD oils.

So how do you get your hands on the good stuff? Leafly’s full guide to buying reliable CBD products is a great place to start.

CBD 101.

CBD has been gaining in popularity over the past few years and shows no signs of slowing down. Whether you’re a total newbie or simply looking to brush up on some basic CBD information, our guide to all things CBD is here for you.

This guide is a thorough discussion of all things CBD, so if you want to get just the basics, simply scroll down, choose an option from the table of contents or click through to our CBD 101

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What Is CBD?

What does CBD stand for?

CBD is the acronym for cannabidiol, the non-psychoactive, non-intoxicating organic compound found in hemp, a variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant that was once primarily known for its many other industrial and agricultural uses. Now hemp is the face of CBD!

CBD is a cannabinoid, one of the over 100 unique organic chemicals (typically referred to as compounds) produced by cannabis plants. In plants, these compounds are specifically referred to as phytocannabinoids. They are also produced in the bodies of humans and animals; in that case, they are called endocannabinoids. You may have heard of the endocannabinoid system in the human body – that’s where the name comes from! (More on that later.)

Cannabis is easily the most famous source of cannabinoids, but it’s not the only one. Other plants you may not have realized contain cannabinoids include black pepper, echinacea, and cacao.

To very briefly touch on CBD vs. THC, the latter is the other famous cannabis compound. Short for tetrahydrocannabinol, this is the chemical responsible for the psychological effects of cannabis. This is in contrast to CBD, which is non-psychoactive and doesn’t lead to a head high, paranoia, or racing thoughts that are closely associated with THC.

Where Does CBD Come From?

The cannabis plant itself has a long history, with earliest recorded use appearing to be in ancient China, sometime around 6000 B.C. But CBD as we know it was not discovered until 1940, by an American chemist named Roger Adams – a descendent of John Adams, the second president of the United States! Roger Adams was the first person to isolate and identify CBD.

Unfortunately, in 1970 came the Controlled Substances Act, which made the possession of cannabis illegal and threw all forms of cannabis, including the hemp plant, into the same category. It wasn’t until the ‘90s that some progress toward legalizing cannabis for medicinal purposes was finally made. California was the first state to legalize medical cannabis. Massive progress has been made since then, with medical cannabis now legal in 36 states, while recreational cannabis is legal in 18 states, and public opinion continues to grow in favor of both.

Partially due to the groundswell of support for medical cannabis, CBD has become more and more popular. This is largely due due to the fact that it may be able to provide many medical benefits without the psychoactive components of THC.

Now, a plethora of research into CBD’s ability to help with pain is ongoing, with many studies showing promising results. A short list of studies includes a 2006 article which describes that preclinical and clinical studies have suggested that CBD may be useful in treating diverse diseases, including those related with acute or chronic pain; 2019 study that found application of CBD cream for pain twice a day to provide pain relief for a group of people suffering from a particular kind of jaw pain; a 2020 study about nerve pain in which many participants experienced reduced pain levels with the use of topical CBD oil; and a 2020 review of CBD formulations in pre-clinical studies found to have diverse medicinal properties, including anti-nausea, anti-emetic, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, antipsychotic, and anti-anxiolytic.

Hemp vs. Marijuana

A quick lesson on hemp vs. marijuana: they are both botanical classes of the Cannabis Sativa plant, but tend to be grown for different reasons, resulting in different uses. Marijuana tends to have higher concentrations of THC and is typically grown for recreational, entheogenic, and medicinal purposes. Hemp is grown specifically for industrial and medicinal use, has naturally lower concentrations of THC, and higher concentrations of CBD. We’ll get into the modern legality in the next section, but another way to distinguish hemp is by its federally legal definition: cannabis and cannabis derivatives with extremely low (no more than 0.3%) amounts of THC.

Is CBD Legal?

Yes! H.R. 2: The Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, also known as the Farm Bill of 2018, legalized the use of non-THC cannabinoids from the hemp plant grown according to the specifications laid out by the legislation. Put simply, CBD is legal!

Hemp is defined as cannabis and cannabis derivatives with extremely low (no more than 0.3%) amounts of THC. The Farm Bill declassified hemp from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act, allowing it to play a larger role in the agricultural industry.

Some states have their own hemp laws that do not mirror the Farm Bill. This handy chart from Leafly includes each state and explains the restrictions. Alaska, for example, has bans on CBD-infused food and beverages, while in Delaware all hemp growers must be affiliated with Delaware State University. The only states which have their own restrictions against CBD are Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota, but federally, CBD is legal everywhere.

What Are the Benefits of CBD? How Does It Work?

As we mentioned, CBD is one of hundreds of components in cannabis. A source no less than Harvard Medical School cites a report from the World Health Organization that states “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

As for how CBD works, it’s now time for a quick lesson on the endocannabinoid system. A biological system in the human body, it’s composed of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors, enzymes, neurons, and neural pathways. The ES is involved in a great deal of processes, including motor learning, appetite, and cognitive functions. The cannabinoid receptors exist to interact with endocannabinoids, but they also interact with phytocannabinoids, like CBD. The overall goal of the endocannabinoid system is to create and maintain homeostasis, or balance, within the body.

The existence of the endocannabinoid system is a major reason behind the potential benefits of CBD

which include the ability to support pain relief, ease tension, help with insomnia and sleep issues, provide stress relief, and even more medicinal and calming effects.

According to Harvard Medical School, both studies and self-reported anecdotes from humans suggest the following CBD benefits:

  • Relief from anxiety. Many studies and clinical trials are currently exploring this in depth; here’s one 2015 study that states current evidence indicates CBD has considerable potential as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders.
  • Treating insomnia and general sleep troubles. In one 2019 study, CBD was found to improve sleep scores within the first month in 48 patients, as well as decreasing anxiety within the first month in 57 patients.
  • Chronic pain. Numerous studies are exploring the role that CBD can have in chronic pain relief, with this 2020 study concluding that CBD is a well-tolerated and safe natural compound exerting analgesic effects in animal models alongside clinical studies.

*Additional potential benefits of CBD include helping reduce cancer symptoms and side effects of cancer treatment; reduction in acne through the use of CBD oil; benefits for neurological disorders like epilepsy and multiple sclerosis; heart health; and substance abuse treatment. As time goes on and more research continues to be conducted, we’re sure to learn a great deal more about CBD and its growing list of potential benefits.