CBD Oil for Cats and Dogs FAQs
Hemp oil and CBD oil both come from the same hemp plant, but they are not the same thing. While hemp seed oil provides beneficial vitamin E, Omega 3 and 6, it does not offer any of the benefits that people wishing to purchase CBD are seeking because the seeds of the hemp plant do not contain cannabinoids. CBD is extracted from the leaves, stalks and flowers of hemp plants, which are rich in a variety of cannabinoids. When shopping for hemp CBD, make sure that you do not mistakenly buy hemp oil instead.
Is CBD oil safe for my dog?
While you should never give your dog marijuana with THC, hemp CBD comes from cannabis sativa, which is a completely different strain from cannabis indica, the product that contains the THC that creates a “body buzz”.
Hemp CBD products for dogs contain less than 0.3 percent THC, so it is not psychoactive. CBD oil made especially for dogs will not contain any harmful added ingredients and will be formulated to appropriate dosing levels. CBD does not pose a risk of addiction and generally has no side effects. It is safe for most dogs in the right doses and with the right products. However, you should consult with your veterinarian, especially if your dog is taking prescription drugs.
What are the benefits of CBD oil for dogs?
Like humans, dogs and cats have an endocannabinoid system that allows them to benefit from CBD oil. Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds that are most commonly found in–but not exclusive to—cannabis.
Relief is provided as the cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system and work with the receptors in the body that modulate pain, anxiety, and nausea.
For dogs, CBD oil may help with a lack of appetite, separation anxiety, excessive barking, nausea, anxiety from trips to the vet or groomer, seizures, pain from cancer or arthritis, recovery from surgery or illness, pacing, nervousness, fear of thunder, fireworks or loud noises or aggression toward another animal.
How much CBD oil should I give my dog?
The general dosing guidelines are to start with 1–5 mg per 10 pounds of body weight 2–3 times a day. When dosing, make sure to look at the actual amount of CBD, not the volume of the product, as potencies vary.
Keep in mind that the right dose can vary quite a bit from one situation to the next. You may need to experiment to find the right amount of CBD and how often to give it. Start with a dose in the middle of the range and expect to see results in 30 – 60 minutes. If there is no change after an hour, increase the dosage and observe your dog again. Your dog will not be lethargic, simply visibly calmer, and observable symptoms such as panting, pacing, and whining should decrease once the right dosage has been found. More information about CBD doses for dogs can be found here.
Where can I buy CBD oil for my dog?
CBD oil for dogs can be purchased at specialty pet stores or online. But, shopping online can be baffling. The tech giants won’t allow CBD ads, but sell the product anyway using confusing terminology, sometimes calling it hemp, healing hemp, or calming hemp, so it’s very hard to tell if they mean CBD or hemp oil. The ads may state an amount of mg without using the word CBD.
Because of this, when buying online, make sure that you are buying hemp CBD, not hemp oil. Hemp oil is made from pressed hemp seeds and does not contain CBD. The cannabinoids are found in the other parts of the hemp plant – the leaves, flowers, and stalks.
Make sure to find a company that has commissioned independent third-party testing and can provide a Certificate of Analysis, or COA. The COA lab results should show how much CBD (and how little THC) the product contains, as well as how the product did in tests checking for contaminants such as heavy metals and fungicides.
Many natural pet supply stores carry CBD for dogs and will be able to help you determine the best product for your dog’s particular situations. If you are in the Greater Seattle area, All The Best stores have a huge selection and highly trained pet care specialists ready to help.
What is the best CBD oil for my dog?
Due to sometimes confusing labeling and advertising restrictions, you’ll want to shop carefully to find the best CBD for your dog.
First, find a brand that you can trust. Look into how and where the hemp is grown, and make sure it’s pesticide-free and lab-tested for potency and purity. If your dog is not likely to be put off by a potentially grassy taste, consider full-spectrum CBD. This CBD offers the greatest amount of terpenes and beneficial natural plant compounds that work synergistically with the CBD to maximize effectiveness. If you have a pickier pup, broad-spectrum CBD products offer some terpenes and contain no THC, making them a good option for cats, too.
Because potencies vary, make sure to compare the total amount of CBD in the product, usually stated in mg, not the package weight or bottle size. Then, compare the amount of CBD that is the appropriate dose for your dog’s needs to find the best potency. The most affordable CBD oils for larger dogs or dogs who will benefit from long-term use would be larger bottles of higher potency.
Is isolate, broad-spectrum, or full-spectrum CBD best?
Terpenes are molecules that are produced by many species of plants that are the main ingredient in essential oils and are the fragrant compounds responsible for plants’ distinctive smells. The cannabis plant produces at least three dozen different terpenes.
Some scientists believe that hemp oil containing all the cannabinoids and other terpenes extracted from the plant is more therapeutically beneficial than isolated cannabinoids. The “entourage effect” of this synergy may increase the effectiveness of CBD.
When determining whether full spectrum, broad-spectrum (also known as distillate), or isolate CBD will work best for your pet, keep in mind that each has its benefits. Full-spectrum CBD products are the least refined and contain the greatest number of terpenes and cannabinoids. However, they usually have a grassy flavor that may be off-putting to pickier animals.
In comparison, CBD isolate is pure CBD – the most refined option. It contains no plant matter, so it has no flavor, making it a good choice for the pickiest pets. Some people prefer isolates, considering it pure CBD, but is recommended mostly if the taste is off-putting. Because of the additional refinement, isolates contain no THC
Broad-spectrum CBD is the middle ground; it still contains just enough plant material and terpenes for an entourage effect but has a mild taste. Both the full-spectrum and distillate options have virtually no THC (less than 0.3%) and the CBD isolate lacks THC completely, making all options non-psychoactive.
Does CBD oil help dogs with seizures?
CBD for use by humans who experience seizures entered the medicinal mainstream with Epidiolex — the first FDA-approved prescription cannabidiol — which researchers found reduces the frequency of seizures in patients with some forms of Epilepsy.
However, animal research is still in the early stages. The AKC Canine Health Foundation is currently funding a study on the effects of CBD on dogs with epilepsy through Colorado State University: Efficacy of Cannabidiol (CBD) for the Treatment of Canine Epilepsy. There are a number of pet owners who have found CBD to be an excellent option for controlling their dogs’ seizures.
Does CBD oil help dogs with arthritis or joint pain?
A study from Cornell University found that 2 mg per kilogram (2.2 lbs) of CBD twice daily “can help increase comfort and activity” in dogs with osteoarthritis. While CBD will not eliminate arthritis, it may decrease the pain and reduce the inflammation associated with dogs with arthritis, with no side effects.
Do vets recommend CBD for dogs?
If you’re using other medications, make sure you check with your veterinarian before using CBD oil just to be on the safe side. Many holistic and integrative vets are familiar with the benefits of CBD and will be easily able to answer your questions. Keep in mind that although veterinarians in 49 states can talk to their patients about CBD, except for in California, vets cannot initiate a conversation to recommend CBD. If you want guidance from a veterinarian about CBD for your pet, you’ll have to broach the topic.
Does CBD make dogs high?
There are major differences between the hemp plant from which pet CBD (cannabidiol) oil supplements are extracted and cannabis. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound that gives marijuana its psychoactive properties, is only present in measurable amounts in cannabis, which contains very little CBD. Conversely, industrial hemp has high levels of CBD and virtually no THC. It’s important to note that THC can be toxic to dogs, but CBD is safe. Cannabis and THC are highly regulated even in states where their use has been legalized, but CBD extracted from industrial hemp is legal in all states.
Another important difference is that CBD oil and hemp oil are not the same things, especially for calming purposes. Though they’re from the same plant and neither product is psychoactive, hemp oil is made from pressed hemp seeds, which do not contain CBD. In comparison, CBD oil is extracted from hemp flowers, leaves, and stalks. Be sure to choose products that contain CBD, not just hemp oil.
The most important differentiation to remember is that hemp CBD offers all the benefits without the THC, so you can be assured that your dog won’t get high–instead, they’ll experience a level of mild relaxation without any intoxication.
What kind of CBD should I give my dog?
A variety of forms of hemp CBD for pets are available. CBD treats for dogs can be a convenient and enjoyable way to dose, but can get expensive for larger dogs used over the long term, or may not be a good fit for dogs on a very limited diet.
Convenient and popular bottled CBD oils with droppers are a great option because you can easily give your dog the correct dose, adding it to food or a treat.
Since some CBD oils have a “grassy” taste, topical CBD products can be a good option for finicky dogs. Coconut Oil with CBD is a wonderfully versatile product. It can be applied to the bare skin inside a dog’s ears, and since it’s also completely edible (and tasty) it can be added to food or treats. CBD balms can be beneficial for sores or cracked palms.
For a tasty treat your dog will love, try Honey with CBD. You can add this to food or a treat or your pup can lick it right off the spoon.
Can CBD help my dog focus during training?
Many people have found that CBD personally helps them focus, which points to the potential for CBD to improve a dog’s attentiveness during training.
Using CBD to help dogs focus is not a well-researched topic, but its anxiety-reducing properties can help a dog be in a more receptive state for training. When a dog is feeling stressed, they focus on the cause of anxiety or fear, so paying attention is difficult. Even if they’re motivated to please their human, the feeling of falling short can accentuate stress and anxiety.
Dogs who are in a relaxed state are able to focus more easily. If CBD reduces your dog’s anxiety, friction will be reduced, and positive reinforcement training can be more successful.
Does CBD reduce dog and cat inflammation?
Inflammation’s negative effect on health is widely known. Research by Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry on CBD indicated that CBD holds certain anti-inflammation properties. One study showed that CBD is so effective against Osteoarthritis inflammation that it may even slow the progression of the degeneration. Because CBD can address both pain and inflammation, dogs and cats may gain mobility, which can improve overall wellbeing.
FAQs about CBD Use in Pets
A: Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a cannabinoid produced by the plant Cannabis sativa, commonly known as marijuana. After many anecdotal reports of CBD’s potential health benefits, studies are now underway to look at the potential benefits of CBD for controlling pain from conditions such as osteoarthritis, calming anxious pets, and as a possible treatment for epilepsy in dogs. CBD is being used by many pet owners today, so it’s essential to know enough about it to discuss the potential risks of use.
Q: Is CBD psychoactive?
A: No; however, there are several possible reasons a dog who has ingested CBD may look high:
- The product that the pet ingested contains both THC and CBD. There are many products on the market, some even labeled for use in pets, that contain both CBD and THC at varying concentrations, so check the labels or look up the product online to see what’s in it.
- The pet ingested enough of a CBD product to cause THC toxicity. Hemp can legally contain up to 0.3% THC, so if a pet ingests a large amount of a hemp-based CBD product, mild THC toxicity can occur.
- The product has not undergone quality assurance testing and contains THC.
- The dog also found some marijuana or THC edibles. Ask about any other cannabis products in the home.
Q: What are the most common signs reported in pets after the ingestion of CBD products?
A: Vomiting, lethargy, inappetence, and diarrhea are the most common clinical signs reported. Ataxia can occasionally occur with large ingestions.
Q: How do I treat these cases?
A: Most cases need no treatment, aside from symptomatic care for gastrointestinal upset if it occurs. If it’s a large dose, where the THC content might be a factor, mild sedation, urinary incontinence, hyperesthesia, and ataxia could develop, and the pet should be confined to prevent injury from misadventure. If you see significant signs that look like THC toxicity, treat the pet in front of you and provide IV fluid support, anti-nausea medication, and good nursing care as needed.
Q: Is there anything special I need to know about pet hemp treat overdoses?
A: Products sold as “soft chews” can have an osmotic effect when large amounts of chews are ingested and pull fluid from the body into the gastrointestinal tract. In mild cases, this can lead to diarrhea and dehydration. In severe cases, hypernatremia, hyperglycemia, hyperkalemia, azotemia, and acidosis can occur. Aggressive fluid therapy, while monitoring hydration status and electrolytes in these pets, is critical.
Q: What about interactions with other medications? Any long-term effects to be concerned about?
A: CBD is an inhibitor of cytochrome P450 and has the potential to affect the metabolism of other drugs. While this appears to be of minimal clinical significance in most cases, this may be important when CBD is used in a pet for seizure control. Doses of other anticonvulsants may need to be adjusted. Remember that owners may discontinue anticonvulsants on their own if they feel that CBD is controlling their pet’s seizures, so this is an important discussion to have.
CBD has also been shown to cause dose-dependent elevations in liver enzymes in various safety studies. This has not been noted in acute overdose situations but could be a concern in pets taking CBD long-term. Monitoring liver enzymes and total bilirubin in these pets is recommended.
Using CBD Oil for Dogs: FAQ 2021
With the growing popularity in CBD as a means to naturally help many ailments, it is natural that there have been many questions asked about CBD oil for dogs. Many people want to help their dogs health no matter what but some are just unsure about the products they are buying. We are here to help answer some of the more common questions we have received about CBD oil for dogs and help you decide if it is right for your pooch!
What is CBD?
CBD or cannabidiol is a compound found in the hemp plant and is classified as a cannabinoid as a general term. This CBD compound is also found in certain forms of medical marijuana and is the reason for some of its health benefits. The way it is extracted from the hemp plant is a technique called cold pressing that ensures premium quality. CBD can come in the form of a tincture as an oil, in a product such as a coconut or salmon oil as an additive, or in a treat.
How does CBD work?
Both humans and dogs utilize CBD in the same way through what is referred to as the endocannabinoid system. This is a part of the nervous system that actually picks up this CBD compound and redistributes it throughout the body where it is needed.
Is CBD safe for dogs?
Yes! CBD oil for dogs is a natural substance that works with the body so it is very safe! This being said there is still a possibility of overdosing which can lead to illness related to vomiting and diarrhea. The amount needed to overdose is very high so this is a very rare occurrence.
Some dogs do not react well to the substance as well and could suffer from symptoms similar to allergic reactions. If your dog reacts poorly to CBD you should seek assistance from your veterinarian immediately.
Does CBD get my dog high?
No! The great thing about CBD is that is a unique compound meaning there is nothing else in it. CBD contains less than .03% THC which is the compound found in medical marijuana that gives you the psychoactive effects. CBD extracted from the hemp plant will always have these trace amounts of THC but because they are so little it has no harmful effects for your dog.
Is CBD oil for dogs legal?
If CBD comes from the hemp plant it is completely legal in all 50 states! It is common to find local CBD shops here and there and many online pet retailers are now beginning to carry CBD oil for dogs on their websites. If you are interested in purchasing some, our favorite brand is this CBD infused coconut oil by natural doggie.
How much CBD should I give my dog?
The amount of CBD you should give your dog depends on a few different aspects such as how big your dog is, how old your dog is, what you are using CBD to treat, and ultimately what is recommended by the product itself. Many products will have dosage recommendations on the label to ensure your dog is getting the right amount. If this is not present we recommend visiting your veterinarian to ensure you are doing everything properly.
What does CBD help?
There are many benefits to CBD and many of these have been studied in recent years proven to be true, some, however, are still being tested and are not fully discovered yet.
These benefits include:
- Seizure reduction for both amount and severity
- Pain relief
- Cancer and tumor cell prevention
- Blood disorders
Just to name some of the more prevalent ones.
Here is a more detailed info-graphic to help!
How long does CBD take to start working?
CBD Usually takes anywhere from 5-30 min to start working on dogs, If you see no change after a half hour you can try giving them another recommended dosage. This will still be way under the amount of CBD required to overdose a dog as it is often never reached.
How should I give my dog CBD?
This depends entirely on the product you are using, If it is a treat then simply give them the recommended amount. If it is a tincture you can administer it directly to their mouth or even into their food for an easy fix. For products containing CBD in them treat it as you would that product normally and you should have no problem.
What CBD product do you recommend?
After trying out many different CBD products for dogs we have decided that our favorite as of right now is this CBD infused coconut oil by Natural Doggie. It is unlike your conventional tincture but still allows the flexibility of being an additive or being given direct. A nice bonus that goes with this is that our dogs love the taste of coconut oil so it is super easy to get them to enjoy it without any hassle.
If you have ever wondered about CBD in the past hopefully this FAQs page has helped you make up your mind on giving it a try! If you have any more questions feel free to ask your veterinarian as they are the experts in the field of pet health or you can leave a comment and we can try to answer it. CBD is a wonderful compound and many people are starting to see the wonderful effects for their furry friends. From anxiety to arthritis CBD is a good choice for a natural remedy to help your dog out.
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