Cbd oil for lactose intolerance nausea

Applications of Cannabis Sativa L. in Food and Its Therapeutic Potential: From a Prohibited Drug to a Nutritional Supplement

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

Umaima Zafar

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

Waqar Ahmed

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

Muhammad Asim Shabbir

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

Aysha Sameen

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

Amna Sahar

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

2 Department of Food Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan

Zuhaib F. Bhat

3 Division of Livestock Products Technology, Jammu 180009, India; [email protected]

Przemysław Łukasz Kowalczewski

4 Department of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-624 Poznań, Poland; [email protected]

Maciej Jarzębski

5 Department of Physics and Biophysics, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-637 Poznań, Poland; [email protected]

Rana Muhammad Aadil

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

1 National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan; [email protected] (A.I.); [email protected] (U.Z.); [email protected] (W.A.); [email protected] (M.A.S.)

4 Department of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-624 Poznań, Poland; [email protected]

5 Department of Physics and Biophysics, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-637 Poznań, Poland; [email protected]

Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a herbaceous anemophilous plant that belongs to the Cannabinaceae family. The cannabis seed (hemp) has long been utilized as a food source and is commercially important as an edible oil source. In this review, the positive and negative health effects of cannabis, the relationship between cannabis and various diseases, and the use of cannabis in various food products have been discussed. In addition, the scientific literature on the potential use of cannabis and its derivatives as a dietary supplement for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory and chronic degenerative diseases in animals and humans has been reviewed. Cannabis is being developed as a key ingredient in a variety of food items, including bakery, confectionery, beverages, dairy, fruits, vegetables, and meat. Hemp seeds are high in readily digestible proteins, lipids, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), insoluble fiber, carbs, and favorable omega-6 PUFA acid to omega-3 PUFA ratio and have high nutritional value. The antioxidants of cannabis, such as polyphenols, help with anxiety, oxidative stress, and the risk of chronic illnesses, including cancer, neurological disorders, digestive problems, and skin diseases. Cannabis has been shown to have negative health impacts on the respiratory system, driving, and psychomotor functions, and the reproductive system. Overall, the purpose of this research is to stimulate more in-depth research on cannabis’s adaptation in various foods and for the treatment of chronic illnesses.

Keywords: cannabis, hemp, tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabis-infused foods, cannabis products

1. Introduction

Cannabis sativa L., commonly called hemp (cannabis seed) or cannabis, is the herbaceous anemophilous plant in the Cannabaceae family. Cannabis is a general word that refers to all plants that belong to the Cannabis genus. Most researchers are of the opinion that this plant originated in Asia and was transported to Europe as a domesticated and cultivated crop during the Bronze Age (22nd to the 16th century BC), as observed from molecular analysis, polygenetic studies, and DNA extraction from modern and archaeobotanical samples. Regardless of where it originated, C. sativa is widely grown and cultivated not only in Asian countries but also in Africa, Canada, Europe, and the United States [1].

Cannabis contains over 100 active chemical compounds known as ‘cannabinoids’ [2]. The plant contains a huge number of cannabinoids, the most psychoactive of which is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC also has appetite stimulant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-emetic qualities, making it a very promising medication for medicinal applications [3]. Cannabis is used for textile and food uses since it is high in cannabidiol (CBD) or similar chemicals and is practically devoid of delta-9-THC [4]. In drug-type plants, the most abundant cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and THC, whereas fiber-type plants are known to contain primarily cannabinoic acids, such as cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), followed by their decarboxylated forms, namely cannabigerol (CBG) ancannabidiol (CBD) [5].

There are three major species of cannabis that have been identified (sativa, indica, and ruderalis). The strength of the two main active chemicals in cannabis, THC and CBD, varies between strains, with sativa carrying the most THC and the least CBD [6]. The euphoric and psychotropic effects of cannabis are due to THC. Synthetic versions of THC, such as dronabinol and nabilone, are used to relieve nausea and improve appetite, in addition to their recreational effects. CBD, a non-psychoactive component, may be able to offset these effects. Furthermore, the Food and Drug Administration recently approved an oral CBD solution for the treatment of two uncommon, severe kinds of epilepsy as an “orphan drug.” It is frequently recommended for use in chronic pain and inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory properties [7].

Cannabis has a high nutritional content, which is why all parts of the plant, including the stem, seeds, roots, and flowers, have been used for food, feed, and therapeutic purposes for a long time. Hemp seed has been utilized as a food source since ancient times, particularly in Asian civilizations, and is commercially significant as a source of edible oil [1]. It consists of 30% oil and 25% protein, both of which are rich in nutritional value, as well as 10–15% insoluble fiber. Seeds can be used in cosmetics, different food products, and animal feed [8]. Seeds are subjected to cold press to extract good-quality oil. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) abound in the oil, with an optimal ratio of -linolenic acid (ω-6) to linoleic acid (ω-3) for nutritional science (2.5–3:1). The oil is high in linoleic acid, oleic acid, stearidonic acid, and α-linolenic acid, with saturated fatty acids accounting for just approximately 10% of the total [9]. Hemp seed contains powerful antioxidants, such as polyphenols, that can help to treat many diseases, such as anxiety, oxidant stress, and the risk of chronic illnesses, including cancer, neurological disorders, digestive problems, and skin diseases. In comparison to other flowering species, the root system of hemp is well developed, which makes it ideal for the phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil [10]. Fiber residue is collected from the stem of cannabis. Hemp fiber is a highly valuable raw resource for the production of long-lasting textiles and specialized papers [1]. Hemp is composed of chemical compounds, such as linoleic acid, alpha-Linolenic acid, tocopherol, cannabidiol, cannabisin A, and caffeoyltyramine ( Figure 1 ) [11,12,13,14]. ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) is an n-3 (-3) fatty acid found mostly in plant foods like flaxseed, walnuts, and vegetable oils, such as canola and soybean oils. Clinical experiments have demonstrated that substituting saturated fat with linoleic acid lowers total and LDL cholesterol, indicating that ALA has a cardioprotective effect [12]. Cannabidol, a non-psychoactive cannabinoid molecule, is a promising therapy option for both illnesses. Cannabinoids are involved in the pathophysiology of both psychotic and substance-abusing diseases (SUDs) [13]. Caffeoyltyramine and its phenolic amides, including cis-N-caffeoyltyramine and trans-N-caffeoyltyramine, are known to have anti-fungal and antioxidant effects [14].

Structural components of Cannabis, including THC, CBD, cannabisin, caffeoyltyramine, alpha-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and tocopherols.

The 5 Problems with Edibles

Edible cannabis products are prized for their strong cannabis effects and long experience durations – however, they aren’t without their drawbacks.

Common objections to edibles include inconsistent effects, expensive pricing, being so strongly cannabis-flavored that they are hard to finish, worries that edibles cause might digestive or health issues, and the all-too-common question of “why don’t edibles ever affect me…why don’t edibles get me high?

There are some explanations behind these issues that can help consumers better understand how edibles work – and why edibles honestly might not be the best consumption method choice for some consumers at the end of the day.

In short, Edibles aren’t for everyone but with a little bit of insight, cannabis consumers can consider all the pros and cons of this class of cannabis products, and decide for themselves how to experiment with the growing trend of oral cannabis consumption.

Here are the 5 biggest problems consumers report about cannabis edibles – including why those problems exist, and what edibles companies in legal markets are doing to address the issues for consumers.

1. Why are edibles so inconsistent?

Photo by Alex Ambedo on Unsplash

This is one of the biggest problems with edibles on the black market, and a big reason why new cannabis consumers are often weary of edibles – why are the effects of edibles so unpredictable, and why are the experiences often not consistent from one consumption to the next?

Before the rise of lab testing, edibles were incredibly difficult to accurately dose during production & consumption – two individual doses from the very same edible could produce wildly different results due to uneven infusion of compounds.

Additionally, not knowing the starting cannabis material & infusion type of an edible makes predicting effects almost impossible. Thankfully, edible companies in legal state cannabis markets are making strides at addressing these problems.

The biggest advancement in producing consistent edibles is the state requirement for lab testing at multiple stages of edible production, making it much easier to know the overall dose for a complete edible, as well as the serving sizes for individual doses.

Another manufacturing step that edible companies are taking to ensure repeatable cannabis experiences is the use of consistent, uniform starting materials – companies are establishing relationships with cannabis suppliers that afford them a reliable stream of consistent quality cannabis for use in their edibles.

A few cannabis companies perform strain-specific infusions to add another layer of consistency to their product, and allow customers to estimate the type of effects they’ll experience from that edible based on their feelings toward the strain itself.

Lastly, many edible makers are starting to pay attention to the impact of the Entourage Effect on cannabis experiences, planning their formulations with these interactions in mind.

If you’re not familiar with the Entourage Effect, it is the principle that the full matrix of compounds in a plant (like the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and others in cannabis) interact with each other in unique
ways to produce different, nuanced effects
when consumed together than
the same amount of an isolated compound like THC or CBD would on its own.

By maintaining the natural ratios of THC, CBD, minor cannabinoids like CBG and THCV, and the terpenes giving the cannabis its scent/flavor, edibles producers can keep those specific effects produced by that cannabis type more consistent in their edible product.

Edibles companies can also add in additional terpenes to try to control the nuance of the effects experienced – such as adding Myrcene to induce a more couch-locked feeling or Pinene for a more energizing and uplifting effect.

While terpenes can affect people in different ways, many of them provide more predictable effects for the majority of consumers, so paying attention to the terpene types and concentrations in edibles can help consumers find consistent, repeatable effects through oral consumption.

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2. Why are edibles so expensive?

Why is an edible so much more expensive than cannabis flower, especially when the flower will potentially allow the customer more consumption sessions? There are several factors explaining the higher price of edibles.

Photo by Sharon McCutcheon on Unsplash

The main reason behind the pricing of edibles is the amount of processing required to create them.

Not only must the starting cannabis be purchased from the grower/supplier (whether it’s actual cannabis flower for whole-plant infusions or pre-extracted cannabis compounds for isolate/distillate-infused edibles), it must then be infused into the ingredients of a manufactured food product to create the edible + packaged and branded for sale by the edible company.

Each of these processing steps can add several additional costs to the bottom line of creating that edible.

For example, if an edible company is infusing a butter or oil with cannabinoids, that company must have the batches of infused ingredients lab-tested to confirm potency before they can be used in the final edible product, which then requires its own lab testing to confirm the potency is within the regulated limit of THC per container.

While this potency double-check is vital to ensure that you as the consumer get a reliably dosed edible product, it can add significant cost to the process, which must be factored in to the price of that good.

Another explanation behind the increased price of edibles is the amount of specialization & expertise required to produce quality edibles – as with most things in life, when it comes to edibles, good isn’t cheap, and cheap almost always isn’t good.

Crafting a high-quality edible requires in-depth recipe research & development, sourcing quality ingredients, and formulating a cannabis infusion method that will deliver on many important factors such as taste, potency & the type of cannabis effects a consumer wants.

So while the price for a good edible might be a bit higher than a similar quantity of flower, what you’re really getting is a high-quality, dose-verified cannabis product made by food artisans with your best experience in mind.

So not only is the edible a tested infused food product, it actually provides cannabis experience benefits beyond what flower can offer.

3. Why are edibles so gross?

This problem ultimately boils down to personal preference – some consumers absolutely love the earthy flavor of cannabis edibles, and for other consumers even the slightest taste of cannabis can be a deal-breaker.

There are a few simple explanations behind why edibles can pack such a strong cannabis flavor, and some options out there for those who are interested in trying edibles but don’t want to taste their weed.

Photo by Aqua Mechanical on Flicker

The most obvious explanation behind why edibles can taste off-putting to some is that they are packed with cannabis material – especially for whole-plant infusions, where some of the chlorophyll and other plant matter can wind up in the final cannabis product and create an earthy taste.

High-quality edible makers will refine their infused butter or oil to reduce the amount of plant matter captured, but even the most rigorous refinement process can’t remove every trace of cannabis taste from a whole-plant edible.

While terpenes have the benefit of potentially helping to modulate effects, they do underscore the cannabis-reminiscent flavor in the final edible.

However, terpenes are also used in aromatherapy, cosmetics, and as food additives due to their pleasant scent and flavor, so terpenes can actually add a nice flavor to full spectrum edibles.

A cannabis flavor can be nice to some consumers, but it’s a hard line for others that prevents them from experimenting with edibles at all. For those consumers, edibles made with distillate or isolate are likely to be the best choice, as the lack of plant material in the starting cannabis product will produce less earthy flavor in the final product.

If a cannabis flavor in your edibles is a big issue for you, starting with an isolate infused edible may be the way to go – just keep in mind that when you lose the whole-plant material, you are also losing the full spectrum of cannabis compounds, which will impact the effects you experience.

4. Do edibles cause digestive or health issues?

If you search any cannabis forum, you’ll likely run across questions like these:

“Do edibles cause bloating, gas or heartburn?”

”Will edibles upset my stomach, or cause constipation?”

”Do marijuana edibles cause heart damage, heart disease, or impact heart rate?”

”Do edibles cause liver damage?”

While most people are aware that there are no acutely dangerous side-effects to consuming cannabis, there can still be some uncomfortable physical sensations from eating edibles that lead many to wonder what the health risks of marijuana may be.

Aside from the potential for accidental THC overconsumption, which can certainly lead to nausea and other physical symptoms, some people may experience some digestive discomfort in response to cannabis and edibles.

However, this is more similar to lactose intolerance than a guaranteed side effect – some people are more sensitive to consumed cannabis than others, and it may not be the right fit for them personally, but it will likely not be the experience of most consumers.

More research is still needed in this area, but early studies suggest that some may be allergic to cannabis, in which case ingesting plant matter could certainly cause discomfort. It’s important to make note of your individual experiences, and take some precautions to set yourself up for a good cannabis experience.

For example, try not to eat an edible on a completely empty stomach, as the digestion of the cannabis plant material can increase the likelihood of stomach pain and gas.

Consuming on an empty stomach can also increase the likelihood of heartburn after edible consumption, so eat a fatty snack along with, or just before, your edible to help coat your stomach and metabolize the cannabis more effectively.

Some edible makers might make ingredient choices that include cannabinoid-friendly fats to help eliminate this possible discomfort -for instance, at Periodic Caramels we use housemade hemp-butter in our CBD caramel edibles to ensure that the cannabinoids have a fat carrier to help them metabolize properly with minimal discomfort.

It’s also always a good idea to ensure you’re adequately hydrated before and during cannabis use as dehydration can lead to negative physical side-effects that cannabis use would compound, such as light-headedness, stomach upset, constipation, and others. Keep plenty of water on hand for any cannabis experimentation.

Cannabis use, especially too high of a THC dose can have some temporary impact on heart rate – because THC is a vasodilator (vaso- meaning related to the blood vessels, –dilator meaning to open or enlarge) it does increase blood vessel size, which can result in an increased heart rate to maintain constant blood flow.

In certain cases, again mostly in cases of THC overconsumption, it may even feel like the heart is racing dangerously fast. However, there has never been a reported case of heart failure, heart disease, or prolonged arrhythmia directly caused by cannabis or edible use. Any heart-related impacts are temporary and should not be dangerous in normal situations for healthy individuals.

If you do begin to feel your heart racing during cannabis consumption, slow or pause your consumption, drink plenty of water, and sit in a calm and quiet place if possible to regain control of your situation and work to slow your heart rate. Mindfulness and awareness that the symptoms are temporary and not serious can often help you take charge of the situation and short circuit the negative feelings.

Lastly, there’s been a fair amount of buzz recently around the idea that cannabis, and specifically CBD, can be damaging to the liver. This is mostly the result of a 2019 research study that found liver damage in some mice who were exposed to CBD, which the media ran with as potential proof of a dark side to CBD…

The unspoken caveat here is that the experiment was designed specifically to find dangerous doses of CBD, and liver damage only appeared at astronomically high levels of cannabinoids in lab tests, far beyond what a person would ever reasonably consume.

Standard dose ranges of CBD did not exhibit negative outcomes, and in fact separate research has suggested that many cannabinoids may even be able to help protect the liver from cellular damage & prevent certain liver diseases.

More research is needed in this field as well, but as it stands right now, there is no credible research suggesting that recreational or typical medical doses of cannabinoids cause liver damage, when taken in edible form or any other cannabis delivery method. So while stomach discomfort may be a possibility with edibles, any liver damage or other acute health risks are highly unlikely.

5. Why don’t edibles get me high?

Earlier we discussed the fact that edibles typically produce much stronger cannabis effects than inhalation of flower – however, do you know someone who claims that edibles don’t affect them at all?

The reality is that some consumers do not feel psychoactive effects from edibles, and while science is still working to understand this phenomenon, there might be a few explanations at hand.

Photo by Emily Morter on Unsplash

First, cannabis is known to have an incredibly variable effective dose range – meaning that some consumers will feel effects at 2.5mg of consumed THC, some will not feel effects until they reach the 25mg range, and some may take 250mg and still feel no effects.

Due to this wide variance in the dose at which effects are felt, it’s very hard to establish a baseline for what dose will produce certain effects.

It could be that some consumers have a very high baseline THC tolerance, so they’ve never actually consumed a high enough dose to reach their ideal effects range, so they believe that edibles cannot affect them at all.

There is also First-Pass Metabolism effects to consider – First-Pass Metabolism is how your liver filters out foreign compounds from your bloodstream before the blood circulates throughout the rest of the body. Just like standard digestive metabolism, First Pass Metabolism can be stronger or weaker than “normal” depending on the individual’s body.

Generally speaking, when an edible is ingested a majority of the active THC is wasted out by the liver before it circulates to the brain and can cause an effect, but the amount of THC that gets through this metabolism process is usually still strong enough to cause noticeable psychoactive effects.

However, it may be the case that an individual has such a strong First-Pass Metabolism that the remaining THC is too diluted to have noticeable psychoactive effects once it reaches the brain. For these consumers, even extremely high doses of THC may be filtered out by the liver, leaving edibles essentially ineffective on them.

To understand why cannabis affects each of us differently, get to know your Endocannabinoid System or ECS.

Read our ECS Blog to Discover More!

For consumers with these experiences, sublingual absorption may be the answer to extended oral cannabis effects – when an edible is dissolved completely under the tongue rather than chewed and swallowed, the cannabinoids enter the mucus membranes and glands of the mouth, penetrating the bloodstream directly while bypassing the liver and its metabolic functions.

If you’ve thought to yourself “why don’t marijuana edibles get me high?”, try the sublingual edible consumption method and see if you get noticeable cannabis effects from smaller edible doses taken sublingually.

Final Thoughts

Edibles, like any cannabis consumption method, have their definite pros and cons and will be a better fit for some cannabis consumers than others.

It’s important to consider your individual wants and needs from cannabis, examine whether or not you experience the problems outlined above when trying edibles, and decide from there what the best cannabis consumption method is for you at a given time and for a certain situation.

We hope that this discussion has helped shed some light on the factors behind edible objections, and empowered you to take charge of your cannabis journey most effectively. At Periodic edibles, we’re dedicated to providing you with the tools to choose your cannabis experiences…

Frequently asked Questions about Cannabis, CBD, and THC

Cannabis is a plant that has been used for centuries for its psychoactive and medicinal properties. The active ingredients in cannabis are known as cannabinoids, which are similar to the endocannabinoids found in our bodies. There are over 100 different cannabinoids, but the two most well-known are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).

Cannabis plants can be either male or female. The female plants produce the buds (where the cannabinoids are made and stored) that are typically smoked or used to make edibles, oils, and other products. Male plants do not produce buds and are typically used only for breeding purposes.

The origins of cannabis are shrouded in mystery, and there is much debate over its true place of origin. Some believe that it originated in the foothills of the Himalayas, while others claim that it was first cultivated in Central Asia. One thing is certain: Cannabis has been used for centuries by humans for a variety of purposes. In ancient China, it was used as a medicinal herb, and in India it was used for religious rituals. By the middle ages, it had made its way to Europe, where it was used as both a medicine and a recreational drug. Today, cannabis is grown all over the world, and its popularity is only increasing. As more research is conducted, we may finally uncover the true origins of this fascinating plant.

What are the different types of cannabis products available to consumers?

There are a variety of cannabis products available to consumers, including flower, edibles, concentrates, and topicals. Each type of product offers its own unique set of benefits and drawbacks.

Flower is the most popular type of cannabis product, as it can be smoked or vaporized in order to experience the effects of THC. However, smoking flower can also lead to negative side effects like coughing and lung irritation.

Edibles are another popular option, as they offer a longer-lasting and more consistent high than smoking flower. However, edibles can take up to two hours to take effect, and it can be easy to accidentally consume too much THC. Concentrates are a potent form of cannabis that can be dabbed or vaporized to experience the effects. However, concentrates can be harsh on the lungs and may not be suitable for beginner users. Overdosing on concentrates can be a real concern.

Capsules are a convenient way to consume cannabis, as they offer accurate dosing and can be easily transported. However, capsules can take up to an hour to take effect, and some users may prefer the taste of other methods.

Tinctures and other sublingual products such as lozenges offer a fast-acting oral option, with easy dosing and a long shelf life.

Topicals are cannabis-infused products that are applied to the skin. Topicals are ideal for treating localized pain and inflammation, but they will not produce any psychoactive effects.

What are the benefits of CBD and THC, and which one is right for me?

CBD and THC oils have positive effects on many different health conditions. However, they work differently in the body and have different benefits.

CBD oil is known for its anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and anxiety-reducing properties. THC oil has intoxicating effects that can make you feel relaxed and happy. If you are looking for relief from a specific condition, it is important to know which type of oil will work best for you.

CBD oil is non-intoxicating and does not produce any psychoactive effects. This makes it a good option for people who are looking for the therapeutic benefits of cannabis without the high.

THC oil is intoxicating and can produce psychoactive effects. This makes it a good option for conditions like nausea , appetite loss, and pain relief.

There are many different types of oils available on the market today, and each one has its own unique set of benefits and drawbacks. It is important to do your research before purchasing any type of oil, as not all oils are created equal. Some oils may be more potent than others, accounting for the wide range of pricing available.

How do I consume cannabis or CBD oil, and what are the risks associated with each method?

These include:

  • smoking
  • vaporizing
  • eating/drinking
  • topical application

Each method comes with its own set of risks and potential side effects. For example, smoking may lead to lung irritation and other respiratory problems, while vaporizing may be less harmful to the lungs but can still cause some throat and mouth irritation. Eating or drinking cannabis or CBD oil can leave lingering effects the next day, somewhat like a cannabis “hangover.”. Topical application is generally considered to be the safest method, as there is little to no risk of adverse side effects.

Cannabis or CBD oil can interact with other medications you are taking, so it is important to talk to your doctor before using any type of oil.

Are there any side effects associated with using cannabis or CBD oil?

Cannabis or CBD oil can cause dry mouth, sleepiness, and dizziness. Cannabis with a high percentage of THC can also cause disorientation, heart palpitations, and slow motor coordination (leading to risks for driving).

Cannabis, THC & CBD Question and Answer

We’ve had so many questions about the topic of cannabis, THC, and CBD that we decided to create the rest of this FAQ in short answer form to address the numerous requests for answers!

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions. We will continue to update this section of our website, so come back for updates.

Does THC help with ADHD?

There is no scientific evidence that THC is effective in treating ADHD. However, some people with ADHD report that cannabis helps them focus and improve their symptoms. More research is needed to determine if cannabis is a safe and effective treatment for ADHD.

Does THC help with Covid?

Corona viruses are a fact of our time and have been around for centuries. They are a family of viruses that cause respiratory illnesses in humans. The most common coronavirus is the common cold. Cannabis has not been shown to be effective in treating or preventing coronaviruses. More research is needed to determine if cannabis is a safe and effective treatment for coronaviruses.

Does CBD help with Cramps?

Cramps and muscle contractions plague many of us at some point in our lives. When applied topically, CBD oils can help to relieve muscle tension and reduce inflammation. In addition, CBD may help to relax the muscles and relieve cramping.

Does THC help with Acne?

Acne is a condition caused by an overproduction of oil in the sebaceous glands, and THC has been shown to regulate the production of sebum in the skin. In one study, people with acne who used a topical THC preparation saw a significant decrease in sebum production. THC can also reduce inflammation, which can help to heal acne blemishes.

Does THC help with Arthritis?

Anecdotal reports and small studies have shown that THC can help to reduce inflammation and pain in people with arthritis. THC may also help to improve sleep quality in people with arthritis. In a small study of people with rheumatoid arthritis, those who were given a CBD-THC combination cannabis extract reported lower levels of pain and stiffness than those who were given a placebo.

More research is needed to confirm the potential benefits of THC for arthritis, but the available evidence suggests that it could be helpful for some people. If you are considering using cannabis for medical purposes, it is important to talk to your doctor first.

Does CBD help with Altitude sickness?

There is no definitive answer to this question since everyone reacts differently to CBD. However, there are many people who swear by CBD for helping with altitude sickness. CBD is known for its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, both of which can be helpful in relieving the symptoms of altitude sickness. As always, make sure to consult with a medical professional before starting any new supplement or medication regime.

Does THC help with Anger?

It’s thought that THC may help to regulate emotions by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is involved in a variety of physiological processes, including mood and stress regulation. Therefore, it makes sense that modulation of the ECS could have an effect on angry feelings and behavior.

There is a lot of anecdotal evidence that THC can help with anger management, as well as some clinical studies. Of course, everybody responds differently to THC, so it’s important to experiment!

Does CBD help with Allergies?

CBD has been shown to be effective in reducing inflammation, which is believed to be a major contributing factor in allergies. In one study, CBD was found to decrease the production of inflammatory cytokines by human immune cells.

CBD has also been shown to reduce the release of histamine from mast cells, which are responsible for causing allergic reactions. In addition, CBD has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, which can help to prevent infections that can trigger allergies. Overall, CBD is a promising treatment for allergies, and more research is needed to confirm its efficacy.

Does CBD help with Bloating?

There is some anecdotal evidence that CBD may help with bloating, but there is no definitive scientific evidence as of yet. Some people believe that CBD could help because it helps to reduce inflammation, and bloating is often caused by inflammation in the gut. However, more research is needed to know for sure if this is actually the case.

Does THC help with Burnout?

There is some evidence that THC can help with burnout. First, THC has been shown to increase dopamine levels, and dopamine is known to be depleted in people with burnout. Second, THC has been shown to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, both of which could be helpful for people with burnout. Finally, THC has been shown to improve sleep quality, and poor sleep is a common problem in people with burnout. However, more research is needed to confirm these preliminary findings.

Does THC help with Bipolar disorder?

There is some informal evidence that THC may be beneficial in treating bipolar disorder, but there is not yet any scientific evidence to support this claim. One study found that the cannabinoid receptor agonist HU-210 improved mania symptoms in rats, and another study found that CBD (a non-THC cannabinoid) was effective in reducing manic symptoms in a small sample of people with bipolar disorder. However, more research is needed to determine whether THC or other cannabinoids are effective in treating bipolar disorder.

Does THC help with Covid?

There is cursory evidence that suggests THC may help with Covid. However, there is not enough scientific research to say for certain whether or not this is the case. Some experts believe that THC could help to improve breathing function and reduce inflammation, but more research is needed to confirm this.

Does THC help with Cancer?

There is some preliminary research that suggests THC may help reduce tumor size and kill cancer cells. Additionally, it helps with nausea, anxiety, and pain caused by cancer and cancer treatments. However, more research is needed to confirm these claims.

Does THC help with Cataracts?

There seems that there is some evidence that THC may help with cataracts. For example, this study found that “microinjections of Δ9-THC into the vitreous humor of rats produced acute reduction in lens opacity.”

Of course, more research needs to be done before we can say for sure that THC is an effective treatment for cataracts. But it’s definitely something worth further investigation and maybe some experimentation!

Does THC help with CTE?

While there is currently no cure for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), some studies suggest that cannabinoids like THC may help to protect the brain from further damage and improve cognitive function. In one study, mice with CTE showed improved learning and memory performance after being treated with THC. Interestingly, a second study found that THC increased levels of a protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus, which is an important region of the brain for learning and memory.

So while more research is needed to confirm the role of THC in treating CTE, there is some preliminary evidence that it may be beneficial in protecting the brain and improving cognitive function.

Does THC help with Creative writing?

The jury is still out on whether or not THC boosts creativity, as there is relatively little scientific research on the subject. However, some people who use cannabis for recreational purposes claim that it helps them to think more creatively. THC works by binding to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, which releases neurotransmitters and can alter someone’s mood or mental state. This could theoretically increase creativity by making a person feel more relaxed and focused. However, it’s worth noting that cannabis can also cause side effects like paranoia and anxiety, in the inexperienced, which could potentially outweigh any benefits for creative writing. Ultimately, it’s up to each individual to experiment with cannabis and see if it has any positive or negative effect on their individual creativity.

Does THC help with Dementia?

There is some early evidence that THC may be helpful for people with dementia, but more research is needed. One study found that THC improved memory and cognitive function in people with dementia. Another study found that a cannabis-based drug was effective at reducing agitation and improving sleep in people with dementia. However, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Does THC help with Depression?

THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, can seem to be a wonder drug for some people dealing with depression. Due to THC’s distinctive interactions with our endocannabinoid system, it can elevate mood and reduce stress. But, as with any drug — natural or otherwise — there are potential side effects, and not everyone will find relief from THC-based treatments.

Depression is a very real and serious mental illness that should not be taken lightly. It is important to consult with a physician before self-medicating with cannabis or any other drug. Some people may find that using cannabis helps their depression while others may feel more depressed while under the influence.

Does THC help with Dyslexia?

There is no scientific evidence that THC helps with dyslexia. However, some people with dyslexia say that THC helps them focus and improves their reading skills. More research is needed to determine if this is true.

Does THC help with Dental pain?

THC can help to relieve pain, including dental pain. THC works by binding to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, which helps to modulate pain perception. In addition, THC can also help to reduce inflammation, which can further help to alleviate pain.

It is important to note that while THC may be effective for some people in relieving dental pain, it is not suitable for everyone. Cannabis can have different effects on different people, so it is important to experiment cautiously and see what works best for you personally.

Does CBD or THC help with Fatigue?

Both CBD and THC can be helpful for treating fatigue. Although more research is needed, some studies suggest that cannabinoids could help reduce fatigue by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system. This system regulates many important functions, including sleep, appetite, pain perception, and mood. Additionally, CBD and THC have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, both of which may help contribute to its effects on fatigue. If you’re considering trying CBD for your fatigue, be sure to talk to your doctor first to make sure it’s right for you.

Does CBD help with Grief?

CBD has shown to be effective in reducing anxiety and depression in various clinical studies. Although more research is needed, CBD may offer relief from grief by reducing anxiety and improving mood. In one small study, people who took CBD experienced significantly less Willis-Ekbom Disease symptoms (including grief) than those who took a placebo. CBD is generally well-tolerated, but some people may experience side effects such as dry mouth, drowsiness, and reduced appetite. If you’re considering trying CBD for grief relief, talk to your doctor first to discuss if it’s right for you.

Does THC help with Hair growth?

There is small amount of anecdotal evidence that THC may help with hair growth, but there is no concrete scientific evidence to support this claim. That said, THC does have some beneficial effects on the body, including the promotion of cell growth and regeneration. So it’s possible that THC could help stimulate hair growth in some way, but more research is needed to say for sure.

One study found that THC increased the proliferation of cells in human hair follicles in vitro. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings.

Does THC or CDB help with Headaches?

THC can help with headaches. It is a natural pain reliever and has anti-inflammatory properties. THC can block pain signals from getting to the brain, which can help relieve pain and headaches. CBD is also effective for headaches, as it can relax muscles and reduce inflammation.

Cannabis has been used to treat headaches for centuries. In ancient Greece, Hippocrates recommended cannabis for ” Attacks of head pains.” In medieval Persia, physicians used cannabis to treat migraines. Cannabis was even listed in the U.S. Pharmacopeia from 1850 until 1942 as a treatment for various inflammatory disorders, including headaches.

Does CBD help with heartburn??

There is some evidence that CBD may help with heartburn. A 2008 study found that CBD inhibited the release of stomach acid, and a 2013 study found that CBD helped to suppress both basal and gastric stimulated acid secretion.

However, more research is needed to determine whether or not CBD can be used as a treatment for heartburn.

Does CBD help with Herniated disc?

Some people do find relief from CBD for herniated discs. The cannabinoids in CBD interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for regulating pain, inflammation, and other bodily functions. By interacting with this system, CBD may help to provide relief from the symptoms of a herniated disc.

However, more research is needed to confirm whether or not CBD is an effective treatment for herniated discs. Always consult a doctor before using any type of medication or supplement, including CBD, to treat a medical condition.

Does THC help with Joint pain?

There is some preliminary evidence that THC may be beneficial for treating joint pain. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings.

One study found that THC was effective at reducing inflammation and pain in rats with arthritis. Another study found that THC was helpful in reducing pain and improving quality of life in people with rheumatoid arthritis. And a third study showed that cannabinoids (including THC) were effective at reducing pain and inflammation in people with osteoarthritis.

Does THC help with Knee pain?

Although there is no concrete evidence that THC helps with knee pain specifically, marijuana has been shown to be effective in treating pain in general. A study published in the Journal of Pain found that marijuana was associated with a 64% reduction in reported pain levels. Additionally, a survey conducted by the National Pain Foundation found that nearly 70% of medical cannabis users said it helped reduce their chronic pain symptoms.

While more research needs to be done to determine whether THC is truly effective in treating knee pain specifically, the available evidence suggests it may be beneficial for those suffering from chronic pain. If you’re interested in trying THC for your knee pain, talk to your doctor about the potential risks and benefits.

Does THC help with Kidney stones?

According to a recent study, yes, THC may help with kidney stones. The study found that THC was effective in reducing the size of kidney stones and also helped to prevent new ones from forming.

THC works by interacting with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body. These receptors are responsible for regulating many different processes, including pain perception and inflammation. By binding to these receptors, THC can help to reduce pain and inflammation throughout the body, which may be helpful for those suffering from kidney stones.

In addition to reducing pain and inflammation, THC may also help to relax the muscles around the kidneys, which can help to pass kidney stones more easily. This benefit is thought to come from THC’s ability to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which helps to regulate many different bodily processes.

While there is still much research to be done on the potential benefits of THC for kidney stones, the current evidence suggests that it may be a helpful treatment option for some people.

Does THC help with Lactose intolerance?

There is no definitive answer to this question as everyone’s experience with THC and lactose intolerance will be different. However, there are some anecdotal reports of people finding that THC helps to reduce the symptoms of lactose intolerance. It is thought that THC may help to improve gut motility and reduce inflammation, both of which can play a role in alleviating the symptoms of lactose intolerance. If you suffer from lactose intolerance and are interested in trying THC to see if it helps, it is important to start with a low dose and increase gradually until you find the dose that works best for you. You should also Consult with your doctor before using THC, as it may interact with other medications you are taking.

Does CBD help with Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is a serious and potentially debilitating condition caused by bacterial infection. There is no cure for Lyme disease, but Tick Borne Diseases Consortium reports that CBD has shown promise in treating the symptoms of Lyme disease. A study published in The Journal of Molecular Neuroscience found that CBD was effective in reducing inflammation and preventing neurite outgrowth in infected cells. CBD is thought to work by modulating the body’s immune response to the infection.

There are many people who suffer from Lyme disease who turn to CBD for relief. Many have found that CBD helps to ease the pain and fatigue associated with the condition, as well as helping with sleep difficulties. Some have even found that CBD helps to improve their quality of life overall.

Does CBD help with Lowering blood pressure?

There is some evidence that CBD may help to lower blood pressure. One study found that it caused a significant decrease in blood pressure in rats with hypertension, and another study showed that it reduced the blood pressure of both healthy volunteers and patients with hypertension. However, more research is needed to determine whether CBD is effective for lowering blood pressure in humans.

Does THC help or hurt Libido?

There’s unfortunately not a ton of research on how THC affects libido specifically. However, we do know that cannabis can have different effects depending on the person. For some people, cannabis can increase libido and sexual pleasure. For others, it can decrease sex drive or make sex unenjoyable.

It’s thought that THC may help to increase libido by improving blood flow and reducing anxiety. uneasiness, and stress – all of which can be major libido killers. Additionally, marijuana can help people get out of their own heads during sex, making them more present in the moment and able to focus on pleasure.

Does THC help with Leg cramps?

There is anecdotal evidence that THC can help with leg cramps, but there is not yet any scientific research to support this claim. Some people believe that THC helps with leg cramps by releasing endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers. However, more research is needed to determine whether or not THC actually helps with leg cramps.

Does CBD help with motion sickness?

CBD can be effective in treating symptoms of motion sickness. In studies evaluating the effect of CBD on nausea, most subjects reported a decrease in symptoms after taking CBD. If you’re interested in trying CBD to treat your motion sickness, it’s best to take CBD with food or a small snack to minimize the risk of gastrointestinal issues.

Does THC help with muscle repair and exercise recovery?

There is some evidence that THC can help with muscle recovery. A study in the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology found that THC administration before exercise improved workout performance, reduced fatigue, and increased post-exercise recovery. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings.

One reason why THC may help with muscle recovery is that it can improve blood flow. A study in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research found that THC administration before exercise improved blood flow to the muscles. This increased blood flow can help to deliver nutrients and oxygen to the muscles, which can promote healing and repair.

Another reason why THC may be beneficial for muscle recovery is that it can reduce inflammation.

Does THC help with music appreciation?

There is some cursory evidence that THC can improve music appreciation. For example, people who listen to music while high often report that the experience is more intense and emotionally resonant. Some scientists have even theorized that the human ear may be evolved to better appreciate music in a state of mild intoxication.

However, there is not yet any concrete scientific evidence to support this claim.

Does THC help with math?

There is no evidence that THC helps with math. In fact, it’s likely that THC would actually impair cognitive performance in some tasks, including mathematical tasks. This is because THC affects brain function by binding to cannabinoid receptors in the brain. These receptors are involved in a range of functions, including memory, thinking, and coordination. When THC binds to these receptors, it can interfere with their normal function, which can lead to impaired cognitive performance.

Does CBD or THC help with Nausea?

Both CBD and THC have been found to be effective anti-emetics, meaning that it helps to reduce nausea and vomiting. In fact, studies have shown that CBD and THC are more effective at reducing nausea and vomiting than the traditional medication ondansetron (Zofran). THC in the form of Marinol is an FDA approved medication for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.

Does CBD help with nerve pain/ damage?

CBD oil has been found to provide relief from various forms of pain, including nerve pain. CBD has been shown in some studies to help improve nerve function and reduce inflammation. It does this by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for regulating a variety of physiological processes, including inflammation and pain perception. CBD has been shown to be an effective neuroprotectant, which can potentially slow the progression of nerve damage. However, more research is needed on CBD and nerve pain/damage before a definitive conclusion can be drawn.

Does THC help with night terrors?

There is unfortunately not a lot of good scientific evidence to support the use of THC for treating night terrors specifically. However, some people claim that it can be helpful in reducing the severity and frequency of night terrors, as well as helping insomnia.

There are two primary mechanisms through which THC might help with night terrors. First, THC may help to decrease the amount of time it takes for someone to fall asleep, and secondly, THC may also help to decrease REM sleep. REM sleep is thought to be particularly beneficial for people who suffer from night terrors, as it is during REM sleep that most of the consolidation of memories occurs.

THC may work by interacting with the body’s natural endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating things like sleep and mood. If you’re considering using THC to help with night terrors, it’s important to talk to your doctor first to make sure it’s safe for you and to find out the best way to use it.

Does CBD help with neuropathy?

CBD can help to ease neuropathic pain. Neuropathy is a condition that causes damage to the nerves, which can lead to pain, numbness, and tingling. This damage is often caused by diabetes or chemotherapy. CBD works by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which helps to regulate pain and inflammation. Studies have shown that CBD can provide relief from neuropathic pain in rodents. human studies are needed to confirm these findings. There are a few FDA-approved medications for treating neuropathy, but they come with side effects like drowsiness and nausea. CBD may offer a safe and effective alternative treatment option for neuropathy sufferers.

Does CBD or THC help with nicotine withdrawal?

There is some evidence that THC may help with nicotine withdrawal. One study found that people who used a THC-based medication were more likely to abstain from smoking than those who didn’t use the medication. However, it’s important to note that this study was small and more research is needed to confirm these results.

Other research has shown that THC may help alleviate some of the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, such as anxiety and irritability. CBD is perhaps better suited to reduce anxiety and irritability. It has also been shown to reduce cravings in smokers, as well as to reduce the amount smoked. Some people also report that using cannabis helps them cope with cravings and makes it easier to abstain from smoking cigarettes.

If you’re considering using cannabis to help you quit smoking, it’s important to talk to your doctor first.

Does THC or CBD help with Parkinson’s?

When taken in the right doses THC or CBD can help to lessen the symptoms of Parkinson’s and improve quality of life. There are many people who have found relief from their Parkinson’s symptoms by using THC or CBD on a regular basis. THC is known to help with seizures, pain, sleep, and many other Parkinson’s symptoms. CBD is especially useful for REM sleep behavior disorder found in some Parkinson’s cases.

One study found that cannabinoids helped protect dopamine-producing cells in the brains of mice with a model of Parkinson’s disease. Another study showed that a cannabinoid-based drug reduced levodopa-induced dyskinesia (uncontrolled movements) in people with Parkinson’s disease. However, more research is needed to determine whether THC or other cannabinoids actually help to improve symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

It is important to work with your doctor to find the correct dosage for you because everyone responds differently to medication. In some states cannabis is legal for medicinal purposes and this would be an option to explore with your doctor if you live in one of those states and suffer from Parkinson’s Disease.

Does THC help with RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome)?

There are a few studies that suggest THC may be effective for treating RLS. However, the results have been mixed and more research is needed.

One study found that smoked cannabis was significantly better than placebo at reducing symptoms of RLS. Another study found that an oral spray containing THC was effective at reducing symptoms of RLS, but only in people with moderate to severe RLS. A third study found that taking THC by mouth helped improve sleep quality in people with RLS, but did not decrease symptoms of RLS.

So while there is some evidence that THC may be helpful for treating RLS, more research is needed to determine if it is truly effective.

Does THC or CBD help with Sciatica?

There is some anecdotal evidence that CBD and THC may help with sciatica, but there is no scientific evidence to support this claim. CBD and THC can help with sciatica because they are both analgesics (painkillers) and anti-inflammatory agents. Additionally, CBD has been shown to be a neuroprotectant, which means it can protect the nerves from damage. This is important for treating sciatica, because the condition is often caused by nerve compression or inflammation.

Does THC help with Tinnitus?

THC can help to alleviate the symptoms of tinnitus. While there is no cure for tinnitus, many people have found that using medical marijuana can help to lessen the ringing or buzzing sound in their ears. THC helps to improve blood flow and reduce inflammation, which can ultimately lead to lessening the severity of tinnitus symptoms. Additionally, THC also has high medicinal value for managing anxiety and stress levels, both of which are common comorbidities associated with tinnitus. In addition to using medical marijuana, there are a number of other things you can do to help lessen the symptoms of tinnitus such as avoiding exposure to loud noises, managing stress levels, and getting enough restful sleep.

Does THC help with Tourette Syndrome?

Some people with Tourette Syndrome find that marijuana helps to lessen their tics. Marijuana seems to work for some people by reducing anxiety levels, which can help to calm the nervous system. Additionally, marijuana has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties, which may also be beneficial for people with Tourette Syndrome.

Does THC help with Tremors?

The results of using THC for tremors is unclear. A study in the journal eLife showed that mice that had been given THC had less muscle tremors. The study found that the receptors in the mouse’s brain that are responsible for the tremors were less active when they were given THC.

Another study, this one done on rats, found that rats who were given THC had fewer seizures. The study was published in the Journal of Neuroscience.

So, it seems that THC can help with tremors, at least in mice and rats. Anecdotal evidence with humans shows little help for essential tremor, but more help with Parkinsonian and other types of tremors.

Does THC help with TMJ (Temporal Mandibular Joint) Pain?

Some people find that THC helps to relieve the symptoms of TMJ, while others find that it makes the pain worse. This seems to be a very individualized response, so it’s important to experiment with different strains and dosages until you find something that works for you.

THC is known to have analgesic and muscle relaxant properties, so it makes sense that it could help with TMJ pain. Topical application to the tight muscles of the jaw if often beneficial.

Does THC help with Vertigo?

THC has been shown to help with vertigo in some cases, although it can produce dizziness in new users. Vertigo is a symptom of a problem with the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance and equilibrium. THC has been shown to help stimulate the vestibular system, which can help relieve the symptoms of vertigo. However, not all cases of vertigo are caused by a problem with the vestibular system, so it’s important to consult with a doctor if you are experiencing vertigo symptoms.

Does THC help with vision?

There is some evidence that THC may help improve vision. A study in rodents found that THC increased blood flow to the Retinal arteries, which led to improved vision. Another study found that high doses of THC given to monkeys led to an increase in nerve cell growth in the area of the brain responsible for vision.

It’s still not clear exactly how THC may impact vision, but it is thought that it may improve blood circulation and nerve cell growth in the areas of the brain responsible for vision. If you’re considering using THC for its potential benefits on vision, be sure to consult with a medical professional first.

While none of the above should be considered medical advice, we take pride in researching the latest information and providing answers to the questions everyone is asking. Always advise a physician before starting any new regime.