Do you need a prescription for cbd oil in manitoba

Do You Need a Prescription for CBD Oil in Canada?

As of October 2019, CBD (cannabidiol) oil with a THC level > 3% continues to require a prescription, however laws are subject to change and alternatives continue to be available (details below).

The regulation of cannabis and all its derivatives in Canada continues to be governed by the Cannabis Act which set forth regulations for the production, sale and distribution of cannabis since 2018.

Of particular concern is the legality of CBD oil. Known to be helpful for a variety of ailments, its popularity has increased substantially around the world due to its therapeutic use in a variety of conditions. Some of the well-known positive effects relate to its relaxing effect on the brain which in turn affects the nervous system and eases pain, anxiety and promotes healthy sleep.

Since CBD is one of the chemical substances in the highly regulated/prohibited cannabis plant, there has been a great deal of confusion regarding the legalities and possible prescription requirements for the purchase of CBD oil in Canada.

Under the Cannabis Act, strict regulations on products containing CBD (including CBD oil) continue to be enforced. Sale of these products is legal when they are sold under compliance with the regulations governing possession, production, distribution & sale through licensed producers and distributors.

Each province has its own age limits and licensing agency. The regulatory body in Ontario, for example, is the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario which has been given the right to regulate the sale of marijuana in private stores in this province.

Prior to all this, the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) came into effect in 2016 recognizing the rights of individuals to produce medical cannabis products including oils, tinctures, edibles and plant flowers with a valid authorization (prescription) from their healthcare practitioner.

Cannabis Act Amendment (2019)

The Cannabis Act was recently amended on October 17, 2019, to allow growth in the market that was hindered as a result of heavy legal barriers and government restrictions.

The main changes involve regulatory laws regarding provincial approval of operating licenses for sale of edible and topical products containing cannabis.

The amendment now allows licensed producers to submit edible and topical products to Health Canada which are then subject to a 60-to-90-day approval and procurement process.

Rules Governing CBD Oil & Prescriptions

The current rules governing the requirement of a prescription for CBD oil are as follows:

  • CBD oil with a THC level > 3% is legal with a prescription from a licensed supplier or dispensary
  • CBD oil with a THC level < 0.3% is legal in Canada without a prescription, for personal use only

CBD oil is available for sale in Canada with or without a prescription from either provincially or territorially-authorized cannabis retailers or federally-licensed seller of cannabis for medical purposes.

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The Popularity of CBD Oil Continues to Rise

CBD is an extract from the cannabis plant that has been used to support health by supplementing the human endocannabinoid system.

The system contains receptors that produce an effect on the brain when supplemented with CBD compounds, producing a positive effect on the nervous system and overall feeling of wellbeing.

CBD does not produce THC (tetrahyrocannabinol), the primary psychoactive component of cannabis that creates an intoxicated or “high” feeling.

Cannabinoids such as CBD direct certain receptors in the brain to use cannabinoids naturally produced in the body. The net effect of this action is the therapeutic effect commonly associated with the use of CBD oil.

The Benefits of High-Quality CBD Oil

CBD Oil is being used for a variety of health conditions, including:

  • Depression
  • Epilepsy
  • Pain relief
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Anxiety
  • PTSD
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Acne & other skin conditions

How Do You Take CBD Oil?

CBD Oil can be taken through ingestion of edible food products such as baked goods, candies or infused into butter or other oils. Other popular ways include capsules, pills or inhalation through the use of vaporization devices.

A very effective way to take CBD oil is via a tincture commonly administered under the tongue which has been shown to be best for absorption.

CBD Oil & Canadian Law

Despite its many benefits, CBD oil in Canada continues to be a highly-regulated product requiring a prescription when THC levels exceed 3%.

CBD oil legally available with a prescription in Canada is only available through producers licensed by the government under the Cannabis Act.

Issues with CBD Oil Quality in Canada

The quality of CBD oil available by government-licensed producers has come into question with consumer complaints being made about the minimal availability and quality of the product.

The most common issue about the oils produced by licensed distributors concerns the “carrier” oil, which has been suspected to be of low quality and contain significant amounts of pesticides and herbicides.

Consumer reviews about the quality of CBD oil have determined that the best quality CBD oil was available from “grey market” retailers that were operating in the dispensary market prior to the Cannabis Act of 2018.

Availability of High-Quality CBD Oil

The current law states that only federally-approved companies may sell CBD oil in Canada which has been found to be of lower quality.

Companies with the capacity to produce high-quality CBD oil and sell through dispensaries are not legally allowed to sell their products in Canada due to restrictions in the current licensing framework.

Plans to include dispensary operations in the current framework are currently underway for inclusion in the regulatory framework. Until that time most Canadians currently opt to purchase high-quality CBD oil with THC from online sources.

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Do you need a prescription for cbd oil in manitoba

Where can I buy cannabis?

In Manitoba, you can only buy legal non-medical cannabis from a cannabis retailer licensed by the Liquor, Gaming & Cannabis Authority of Manitoba (LGCA). On October 17, the LGCA will post a list of licensed retail stores at www.lgcamb.ca, where you can also learn more about cannabis laws and regulations in Manitoba.

How can I open a cannabis store in Manitoba?

Manitoba placed limits on the number of cannabis retailers out of concern there may not be enough supply available from Health Canada-licensed cultivators and processors to serve an open marketplace at the date of legalization. Manitoba has instead used competitive bidding processes to support limited cannabis retail, but these competitions have since closed.

The desired end state for Manitoba is a cannabis retail sector that includes a competitive mix of retailers providing customers with a choice among brand affiliations, service quality, and price. Additional opportunities to participate in the industry will present themselves once the non-medical cannabis market and supply chain matures.

Can I smoke or vape medical cannabis at work?

It is against the law to be impaired at work if you are putting yourself or others at risk of injury. Workplaces are responsible for setting their own policies on cannabis. Please follow up with your workplace for its rules medical and non-medical cannabis use.

How much cannabis can I have at home?

Manitobans aged 19 and up can possess up to 30 grams of non-medical cannabis in public. There is no limit in a federal or provincial Act as to the amount of dried (or equivalent in non-dried) non-medical cannabis that can be in a person’s possession within the home. However, growing non-medical cannabis at home is prohibited in Manitoba.

How much cannabis can a driver or passenger possess?

The 30-gram per person limit for possession of non-medical cannabis by Manitobans aged 19 and up applies to drivers and passengers in vehicles, as long as the cannabis is properly stowed.

What is considered safe storage and transport of cannabis in a vehicle?

As per the Highway Traffic Act, cannabis must be stored in the trunk, an exterior compartment on the vehicle or another space in the vehicle designed for the carriage of goods or baggage that is not readily accessible to any person in the vehicle.

Can I smoke cannabis in my apartment or condo building?

The Smoking and Vapour Products Control Act prohibits smoking and vaping cannabis in the common areas of residential buildings (hallways, elevators, stairways, lobbies, etc.) including apartments and condo buildings, but does not regulate whether Manitobans can smoke or vape in their suites. That is up to the property owner or governing board or association.

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Restrictions on smoking and vaping cannabis in public outdoor places will apply to the property of multiple-unit residential buildings. However, the owner of the building may designate an outdoor area on the property at least 8 metres from the building and any swimming pool where residents of the building may smoke or vape cannabis.

Can I smoke or vape cannabis on my condo balcony?

The Smoking and Vapour Products Control Act does not regulate whether Manitobans can smoke or vape in their suites; that is up to the property owner or governing board or association.

A condo or apartment balcony is considered part of a private suite, so rules around cannabis use on a balcony would be dealt with by the building’s property owner or governing board or association.

Can I have cannabis delivered by courier?

Legal non-medical cannabis can be purchased online from licensed cannabis retailers once the stores are ready to sell cannabis. The retail stores are responsible for arranging cannabis delivery. For more information on online cannabis delivery standards, please see www.lgcamb.ca.

Can I give CBD oil to my pet?

Animals respond differently to cannabis than people do. Feeding a pet any legal intoxicant, including cannabis and alcohol, to the point of intoxication violates the Animal Care Act.

If your pet has a medical condition, consult with a veterinarian. There currently are very few cannabis products that can be safely prescribed to pets.

How much will legal non-medical cannabis cost?

Manitoba’s private cannabis retailers will set their own prices in accordance with their business plans, like any other retail business in Manitoba. The intent is that pricing will be competitive with the black market.

Will cannabis retail stores also sell alcohol?

No, cannabis and alcohol will not be sold alongside each other in Manitoba.

When can I buy edibles from licensed retail stores?

Under the federal Cannabis Act,only cannabis fresh flower, dried flower and oil are legal for sale in Canada by provincially-licensed retailers beginning October 17, 2018. No edible products are legal for sale by any person or organization until the federal government creates, introduces and passes regulations around the sale of edible/drinkable cannabis-based/infused products.

These regulations are not expected to be introduced until 2019 at the earliest, so the sale of edible products will start well after that.

How will police know that I am allowed to smoke or vape my medical cannabis in public?

You must carry your federal authorization with you.

Will non-medical cannabis legalization change possession limits for medical cannabis?

Health Canada’s existing medical cannabis program will remain in place following legalization of non-medical cannabis, meaning that the rules around medical cannabis possession will not change following non-medical legalization.