How do you take cbd oil for insomnia
There isn’t one dosage that will work for everyone, but there are general guidelines. T he U.S. Food and Drug Administration doesn’t have recommendations on how much to take, but e xperts generally recommend 1–6 mg per every 10 lbs of body weight. For example, if you weigh 100 lbs, you could take 10–60 mg daily. The chart below is a handy reference for how much you might start with. You can also use our CBD dosage calculator to quickly find your results.
|Weight and dosage||100 lbs||150 lbs||200 lbs||250 lbs||300 lbs|
|1 mg||10 mg||15 mg||20 mg||25 mg||30 mg|
|2 mg||20 mg||30 mg||40 mg||50 mg||60 mg|
|3 mg||30 mg||45 mg||60 mg||75 mg||90 mg|
|4 mg||40 mg||60 mg||80 mg||100 mg||120 mg|
|5 mg||50 mg||75 mg||100 mg||125 mg||150 mg|
|6 mg||60 mg||90 mg||120 mg||150 mg||180 mg|
CBD products are available in varying doses and sizes. Some products that appear to be large in size aren’t necessarily a large dose of CBD. Remember to check how many milligrams are in each serving.
How much you should take will depend on lots of factors, including your age, your sex, the reason you’re taking it, your metabolic rate (how quickly you metabolize compounds), and the quality of the product
If you’re taking CBD for a serious case of insomnia, or some other condition such as anxiety or depression, you may need to be in the higher range of recommended use. Speak to your doctor about how much you can start with, especially if you have any medical condition. CBD may interact with other drugs that you’re taking, so talk to your doctor to make sure there aren’t any drug interactions.
How to Calculate Dosage If Not Labeled
Capsules and gummies will tell you exactly how many milligrams of CBD are in each serving. With oils or sprays, it may or may not tell you how much CBD is in each drop or spray. If it doesn’t, then you have to do a little math.
Each drop is .05 mL, so if you have a 10 mL bottle, the bottle will contain 200 drops. You work this out by dividing the size of the bottle by the number of drops. If the bottle contains 500 mg of CBD, it will give you 2.5 mg of CBD per drop (500 mg divided by 200 drops). If you want to take 25 mg of CBD, you will take ten drops.
Increasing Your CBD Dosage
It’s a good idea to start slow. Begin on the lower end of the CBD dosage to make sure that you don’t have a negative reaction. CBD has been found to be generally safe, and occasionally users report appetite changes, fatigue, and diarrhea.
Keeping a record of how much you take and how you feel can also be helpful. If after a few days you aren’t feeling much effect, you can slowly increase your dosage. If you’re taking CBD to improve your sleep, track how long it took you to fall asleep, how many times you woke up during the night, how long you slept, and how you felt when you woke up.
One of the best ways to track your sleep is with a sleep app. I’ve tested out several, and my favorite is Sleep Cycle. Besides tracking a lot of basic information about your sleep, it has a great feature where you can add “sleep notes,” such as “30 mg CBD,” “40 mg CBD,” etc. Every night you can check off the relevant sleep note to mark what you did that day, and it will track how well you’re sleeping with each of the different notes. For example, I can see that when I eat a lot of sugar during the day, my sleep quality decreases by 15%. When I take 120 mg of CBD, my sleep quality increases by 20%. When I take 50 mg of CBD, my sleep quality increases by 10%.
It also takes people different amounts of time to experience the effects. There are many reported benefits of CBD, such as pain relief, stress relief, being able to fall asleep faster and sleep deeper, but one of the most common effects of CBD is a sense of calm. Some may feel it within an hour; for some, it may take a few days or even a few weeks. If you don’t notice anything after a week, increase your dose. If you are pretty sensitive to supplements, you may increase the dose every few days until you start noticing benefits. There are no guarantees that you will feel anything different, but you have to give it time.
Another factor is how often you take CBD. Instead of taking your daily intake in one dose, experiment by dividing it in two and taking it twice per day to see if you feel more benefits. As CBD stays in your system for 4–6 hours, you may find it helpful to take it two or more times per day.
What Are the Best Ways to Take CBD?
There are a lot of ways to take CBD, including capsules, tincture, spray, added to a drink, creams, lotions, candy, and in a vape.
If you want to know exactly how many milligrams (CBD dosage) you’re taking, the best way is the capsule (or a gummy) as the bottle will tell you exactly how much is in each capsule. If you’re using a tincture, it’s more difficult to get the exact dose you’re looking for. Another benefit of capsules is that there’s no taste. With tinctures, you can taste more, and the flavor isn’t always great.
The fastest way to feel the effects is to use a tincture or spray. Place the CBD under your tongue and let the mucous membranes in your mouth absorb it for 60 to 90 seconds. Many people will feel the effects in around 20 minutes. If you take it in a capsule, or if you swallow a CBD liquid, it has to pass through your digestive system and be metabolized by your liver, so it could take an hour or two. Using CBD topically is better for dealing with chronic pain in a specific area.
Speed isn’t necessarily the most important factor in choosing how to take CBD. For some people adding it to their drink or smoothie is the most convenient, and for others, a capsule is best. No matter which way you choose, it’s a good idea to time it for the best effect. If you’re taking it to sleep better, you may want to take a capsule a couple of hours before bed, or a tincture 20 minutes before bedtime.
Make sure that you’re taking a high-quality CBD product. If you’re not, it will reduce the chances of you experiencing the benefits, and in rare cases, could cause you harm. Hemp is a bioremediator, meaning that it can extract toxins out of the soil. It was used by farmers in Chernobyl after the nuclear accident to help clean the soil.
High-quality brands will include a certificate of analysis (COA) that shows all of the third-party testing that has been done on the product to make sure that it’s free of toxins and other contaminants.
Can CBD Help You Sleep Better?
There’s a lot of research being done right now on insomnia and CBD, and the results so far are positive. Research published in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) found that when 160 mg of CBD was administered to subjects, they reported sleeping significantly more than those who took a placebo. Another study in the Journal of Pharmacology found that CBD increased sleep time in rats. Yet CBD administered during the day increased the amount of time to fall asleep, suggesting that CBD can make you more awake during the day.
It’s no surprise that CBD can help you get to sleep faster, stay asleep, and get more restful sleep as there are many conditions that CBD is reported to benefit, including, anxiety, depression, joint pain, COPD, diabetes, heart disease, and substance abuse.
Many researchers believe that there’s a connection between CBD’s benefits for reducing anxiety and increasing sleep.
There’s a lot of research being done on CBD as it’s become popular since the Farm Bill was passed. In 2018 the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first CBD-based treatment to help control epileptic seizures in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. There may be more CBD-based products approved by the FDA in the future.
On February 19, 2021, the Journal of Cannabis Research surveyed 522 adults that use cannabidiol. Below are the responses when asked “how does cannabidiol affect your sleep?”
How Does CBD Affect Your Sleep?
Moltke, J., Hindocha, C. Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. J Cannabis Res 3, 5 (2021).
Does CBD Make You High?
THC ( tetrahydrocannabinol)is the compound in marijuana that makes people high. Though CBD and THC come from the same plant, CBD doesn’t cause a person to get high. Some CBD products have trace amounts of THC (3% or less), but research from the Netherlands suggests that CBD can counteract some of the effects of THC. Some marijuana growers have even developed strains containing higher levels of CBD that make for a much milder high.
Will You Fail a Drug Test?
As CBD won’t make you high, it won’t cause you to fail a drug test. THC can affect a person’s mood, coordination, time perception, concentration, and memory, and even cause hallucinations. Occasionally THC can cause negative side effects including anxiety, rapid heart rate, and short-term memory recall issues. CBD doesn’t have the compounds that cause these effects.
If someone was taking a large amount of CBD, over 1,000 mg per day, they could trigger a false positive on a drug test. Most people take between 100 mg and 200 mg per day.
There are few known side effects of taking CBD. Those who do experience negative effects will have changes in appetite, fatigue, or diarrhea.
CBD can interact with other pharmaceuticals, so if you plan on using it, speak to your doctor. CBD can interact with any drug metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes, which can include:
- immune modulators
- angiotensin II blockers
- oral hypoglycemic agents
- HMG CoA reductase inhibitors
- calcium channel blockers
- HIV antivirals
Is CBD Addictive?
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBD isn’t addictive, and when someone stops using it, there are no withdrawal symptoms.
How CBD Works
CBD prevents the stress response that starts in the brain by activating the adenosine receptor in our endocannabinoid system, which controls the physiological response to stress called the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA). This process starts when the brain perceives something that it believes could cause us harm.
The first part of the chain is the amygdala, which contributes to emotional processing. The amygdala signals the hypothalamus which then signals the adrenals and the rest of the body. The adrenal glands send adrenaline into the body to make the heart beat faster, the muscles and organs receive more blood and oxygen, the brain receives more oxygen, and glucose and fat are released into the bloodstream. The person is now able to run faster or fight harder as they have more energy and are more aware.
When someone has chronic, low-level stress, they’re unable to sleep because this stress response is preparing them to run and/or fight, not sleep. Researchers believe that this may be the main way that CBD helps insomniacs get to sleep, by reducing or shutting off the HPA stress response.
How to Store CBD
Like many other oils, CBD can break down when exposed to heat, oxygen, or light, hence many CBD products are in dark brown or colored containers. The best place to store your CBD products is in a cool and dark place (a refrigerator is a good option). If you don’t expose your CBD products to heat, oxygen, or light, most products will last up to a year.
CBD Dosage Frequently Asked Questions
Here are the answers to the most frequently asked questions we receive about CBD dosage.
The U.S. FDA doesn’t have recommendations on how much to take, but experts generally recommend 1-6 mg per every 10 lbs of body weight. If you weigh 100 lbs, you could then take 10-60 mg daily.
Start with a low dose to make sure that you don’t have any negative reactions. If after a few days you aren’t feeling much effect, you can slowly increase your dosage.
If you want to know exactly how many milligrams of CBD you’re taking, capsules are the best. If you want to experience the effects the fastest, using a spray or tincture is best.
Research published in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) found that when 160 mg of CBD was administered to subjects, they reported sleeping significantly more than those who took a placebo.
THC is the compound in marijuana that makes people high. Though some CBD products have trace amounts of THC (3% or less), CBD counteracts the effects of THC. And CBD oils without THC are also available.
If someone was taking a large amount of CBD, over 1,000 mg per day, they could trigger a false positive on a drug test. Most people take between 100 mg and 200 mg per day.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBD isn’t addictive, doesn’t cause a high, and when someone stops using it, there are no withdrawal symptoms.
CBD prevents stress that starts in the brain via the adenosine receptor in our endocannabinoid system, which controls the response to stress called the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA).
Think You’ve Tried Everything for Your Sleep Issues? Enter CBD…
As editor-in-chief and co-founder of Miss Grass , an elevated lifestyle shop and publication for women and cannabis, Anna Duckworth has tried cannabis for everything from sex to cooking. And now, she’s sharing her cannabis knowledge with Well+Good. Today, she takes on a topic we’re all more than a little bit obsessed with over here: how to get a better sleep.
We are an exhausted nation: Roughly 70 million Americans suffer from chronic sleep disorders. And, considering lack of sleep can lead to mood and personality changes, we’re a cranky one, too. To put it simply, we’re tired of being tired and we’re looking for solutions.
Cannabis—CBD (cannabidiol, the non-psychoactive component of cannabis that’s cropping up in everything from lotions to lattes) in particular—is a tantalizing alternative to the typical Ambien prescription or medicine cabinet full of melatonin that, according to Elizabeth Cramer Ernst, nurse practitioner and owner of the medical marijuana clinic Hamptons Medi Spa, could provide significant relief for insomniacs. In recent studies, CBD has shown promising signs of being both an effective and safe way to get more zzz’s, although much more research needs to be done before definitive conclusions can be drawn.
Through the fog that comes with pulling unintended all-nighters night after night, however, it’s easy to lose sight of the fact that difficulty sleeping is very rarely just that. It’s almost certainly the result of an underlying condition. For many people, a lack of sleep comes down to anxiety—which, as we know, can be attributed to any number of external or internal factors from PTSD to financial strain. For others, sleepless nights are rooted in something physical, like chronic pain or restless leg syndrome. That’s why there’s truly no one-size-fits-all solution for sleep problems—including cannabis.
To find the best way for you to use cannabis or CBD oil for sleep, follow these three steps. And remember, it’s important to speak with your doctor before adding any new supplements to your routine.
1. Get to know your options
Cannabis remains illegal for recreational and/or medical use in many states. The good news for the canna-curious who live in a state that’s still under prohibition is that the passing of the Farm Bill in late 2018 federally legalized hemp, the cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3 percent of the psychoactive compound known as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). And that means you can now legally access a whole range of hemp-derived cannabis products no matter where you live.
If you’re experienced with products that contain THC, know that some amount of the high-inducing compound can be effective in treating sleep disorders. But if you’re new to the cannabis party, it’s recommended to start with non-intoxicating cannabis products. These contain a high concentration of other active compounds—like the ever popular CBD (cannabidiol) or the lesser known but powerful sedative CBN (cannabinol)—that work by activating a network of receptors in the body known as the endocannabinoid system. Ultimately, your job is to test and try different products to find the dose just right for you.
2. Identify your main sleep issues
Everybody and every body is different. When you’re deciding on a course of treatment for sleep issues, first ask yourself this question: Do you have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or both?
According to Cramer Ernst, when using cannabis or CBD oil for sleep, there are a range of products from short-acting ones that can help you fall asleep fast to long-acting ones that can help you stay asleep, so you want to make sure you pick the one that addresses your particular ailment.
A vaporizer like the Her Highness Sleeping Beauty Vape Pen is considered short-acting because it takes effect in less than 10 minutes and is great for people who need help falling asleep. A tincture under the tongue, like Mineral’s Robyn for Sleep, is considered medium-acting because it takes 20 minutes to kick in and lasts between four and five hours. And then there are the edibles or capsules, like Plant People’s Be Calm Caps, which can take up to two hours to take effect but typically last between six and eight hours. (These long-acting ones are a great bet for people who can nod off easily but need help staying asleep.)
3. Integrate CBD into your sleep hygiene routine
So many of us stay up late working or scrolling through Instagram and don’t shut off our screens until it’s way too late (guilty!). Blue light from the screens has been proven to interrupt sleep dramatically and, experts say, should be avoided for up to four hours before bedtime. That’s not realistic for a lot of us, but even putting your phone down and turning off the TV an hour before you snuggle between the sheets can make a difference. It also helps to keep a regular sleep schedule so your body can start to anticipate the routine and begin shutting down without you having to force it.
One easy way to ease off the tech and begin regularizing your sleep habits is to create a bedtime ritual for yourself (with or without CBD—but, me being me, I vote for “with”). Practice meditation if that’s your jam, spritz your skin and bed with a soothing lavender spray, dim the lights, and give yourself a little massage with something like Apothecanna’s Calming Body Oil. One of my favorite tricks is to take a CBD bath with Vertly CBD Bath Salts or the CBD Bliss Bath Bomb, which Cramer Ernst says works by being absorbed into your skin. The mood-boosting power of a good soak plus CBD could be just the ticket to Dreamland you’ve been after.
How do you take cbd oil for insomnia
In recent years, the use of marijuana and CBD for the treatment of a variety of conditions has risen significantly. Specifically, CBD has been found to have potential health benefits for symptoms like insomnia. Here’s a little background on what CBD is and how it impacts your sleep and body.
What Are Cannabinoids and CBD?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that bind or attach to certain receptors in the central nervous system and act as chemical messengers. Depending on the specific cannabinoid, it may have varied effects on the body.
The most well-known and probably most researched cannabinoids include cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). We know that THC is the cannabinoid that leads to the “buzz or high” from cannabis use.
CBD differs from THC and does not cause psychoactive effects or a “high.” Because it does not cause the psychoactive effects and it might help certain conditions, such as pain, anxiety, and insomnia, CBD is gaining traction as a possible treatment for several diseases.
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How Do CBD and Cannabinoids Work?
Not everything is completely understood about how cannabinoids (including CBD) work. What we do know from research is that CBD and cannabinoids interact with proteins and cells in the brain. A relatively newly discovered system may also hold some answers.
The Endocannabinoid System and Sleep
Researchers discovered that the endocannabinoid system plays a role in maintaining certain body functions, such as mood, appetite, sleep, and regulating circadian rhythms. Within the endocannabinoid system is a network of cannabinoid receptors in the brain and central nervous system.The two primary receptors identified are CB1 and CB2.
Cannabinoids attach to these cells and have various effects. As far as how they may affect sleep, some research indicates that the cannabinoid CBD may interact with specific receptors, potentially affecting the sleep/wake cycle.
Additionally, CBD may also decrease anxiety and pain, which can both interfere with restful sleep. By reducing certain symptoms, it’s also possible that sleep may improve.
What Does the Research Say About CBD?
Although more studies need to be performed, some research supports the theory that CBD and cannabinoids may improve sleep. This study published in the journal, Medicines, involved 409 people with insomnia. Data was collected from June 2016 to May 2018. Participants rated their symptoms of insomnia on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the most severe. Starting symptoms were rated 6.6 on average.
The participants were treated using the cannabis flower with varied combustion methods including vape, pipe, and joint. THC potency on average was 20 percent and limited to 30 percent. CBD potency was on average 5.7 percent and limited to 30 percent. After using cannabis, participants rated symptoms on average to be 2.2, which was a decrease of 4.5.
The results indicated the cannabinoids in cannabis decreased symptoms of insomnia. But the study involved using the cannabis flower, which contains several cannabinoids. It’s difficult to determine if relief from insomnia was due to CBD or another cannabinoid.
In another study published in the Permanente Journal, 72 adults with anxiety and poor sleep were involved. The participants completed anxiety and sleep assessments at the start of the study and at the first-month follow up. Study participants were given 25 mg of CBD in capsule form. Those that predominantly had sleep complaints took the dose in the evening. Participants that had anxiety as their predominant complaint took CBD in the morning.
After the first month, anxiety scores decreased in 79 percent of the people. Sleep scores improved in 66 percent of the participants, which indicated less trouble sleeping. The results suggest that CBD decreased sleep difficulties in many of the participants. But while the decrease in anxiety symptoms remained steady for the duration of the study, the sleep scores fluctuated over time.
Several smaller studies have also supported the use of CBD oil to improve sleep. For example, a case study involving a 10-year-old girl with post-traumatic stress disorder and poor sleep was treated with CBD. A trial of 25 mg of a CBD supplement was administered at bedtime. An additional 6 to 12 mg of CBD was given via a sublingual spray during the day for anxiety. Sleep quantity and quality gradually improved over five months.
Though there is plenty of supporting evidence that shows CBD and cannabinoids can improve sleep, the results are not conclusive and more research needs to be done.
Forms of CBD
CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and known as CBD oil. But it can be a little complicated. CBD may be extracted from either the marijuana or hemp plant, which are both strains of the Cannabis sativa plant. But they are harvested differently. Hemp comes from the seeds and stalks of the plant, which contains less THC than marijuana.
Because the THC content in CBD oil may vary, depending on the state it’s sold, there may be restrictions. For example, in some states, CBD oil is sold legally if all of the THC is removed. If CBD oil still contains THC or other cannabinoids, it may only be sold in states that have legalized marijuana use.
Depending on the laws in your state, you may need a doctor’s prescription for CBD oil. But laws continue to change quickly, so in the near future, it may be different.
CBD oil can be placed under the tongue. It may also be infused in different products including the following;
- Edibles: Various types of edibles infused with CBD oil are available including gummy bears, cakes, and cookies. Edibles usually list the concentration of CBD in milligrams.
- Vaporing: CBD extract can be used in a vaporizer or vape pen. As the extract heats up, it creates a vapor that is inhaled.
- Tinctures: CBD also comes in tinctures. A few drops of the liquid can be added to drinks.
CBD oil is available in different concentrations. Since research is ongoing, the exact dose to treat sleep issues may not be fully known. It might take some trial and error to determine what works best.
Because there are so many different ways to ingest CBD, there are tons of CBD products to choose from. If you aren’t sure where to start, here are the CBD products we recommend to try if you want to improve your sleep.
Overall, there is scientific research that supports the theory that there are CBD health benefits. While more research needs to be done, the use of CBD can potentially decrease your symptoms of insomnia and help you get more quality sleep. If you struggle with sleep issues, the best first step is to consult your doctor and learn more about causes and treatments.