Follow our 7 easy step guide on how to make CBD oil at home with tools and resources that you can find at home or your nearby store. There are five critical steps to follow when learning how to make CBD isolate. Here's what it takes to make CBD isolate from the comfort of your home!
How to Make CBD Oil at Home in Just 7 Easy Steps
If you want to know how to make CBD oil at home, you’ll be pleased to know it’s a lot easier than you think. Keep in mind. It won’t be the same quality and retention of plant compounds as professionally done by companies such as ourselves.
Sure, you can get it from an outside vendor, yet there’s something about homemade cannabis edibles that makes things fun. We all know there are different ways vendors do it. CO2 extraction is all the rage, but you’ll need a lot of money to buy the equipment and pay the technicians who operate it for you.
You may also have heard of alcohol extraction. While accessible, this isn’t the easiest way to do it. The method we’ll cover today means you probably won’t even have to don your mask and visit the grocery store. Everything you need is either in your cupboard, pantry or fridge. If you’re still missing something, you won’t drop more than a couple of bucks.
So if you:
- a) Own a stove
- b) Are on a budget
- c) Have no clue what you’re doing
…this is your chance to quickly and easily learn how to make CBD oil at home.
How to Make CBD Oil: The Full DIY Guide
Before we get to cooking, it’s important we understand some fundamentals about CBD and CBD oil. We could go on forever with the fine details, but all you need to know right now are the types of CBD products and some easy science.
Types of CBD
If you visit a CBD company’s website, you’ll likely come across the terms “full-spectrum,” “broad-spectrum,” or “CBD isolate.”
These labels refer to cannabinoid and terpene content – if any. Let’s take a quick look at what each product means.
Full-spectrum CBD oil (a.k.a. “whole plant extract”) contains all other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the source plant. Different plants contain different chemical profiles, but full-spectrum products will always contain some traces of THC.
However, THC won’t cause intoxication in such low doses, and even helps the overall potency of your CBD mixture, thanks to the “entourage effect.” This synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes effectively allows them to complement or improve the potency and effects of your CBD oil.
One complaint people have, though, is that full-spectrum maintains a strong cannabis or “hempy” taste.
Keep in mind, the homemade CBD oil method we cover doesn’t allow you to filter out any compounds, keeping your CBD rich in cannabinoids and terpenes – in other words, full-spectrum.
CBD isolate is a product containing up to 99% CBD, with all other compounds completely gone. It’s colorless, odorless, and flavorless. Some vendors who want their edibles or oils to be unaffected by any plant aroma often choose CBD isolate.
Although it’s almost pure CBD, isolate lacks any of the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes that work to trigger the entourage effect. Consequently, the therapeutic benefits of CBD isolate are limited compared to other forms.
Broad-spectrum CBD is the middle ground between full-spectrum and CBD isolate. It retains the same compounds as full-spectrum CBD, but with all traces of THC removed.
This is handy if you’re worried about triggering a drug test (which is possible) or if you’re sensitive to THC.
What is Decarboxylation?
Ever wonder why you have to light cannabis on fire or heat it in a vaporizer? The simple answer is “decarboxylation.” It’s an essential step when making your own CBD oil.
Cannabinoids originally sit in an inert acidic form. For example, CBD is originally CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) prior to decarbing. When heated to a certain temperature, the CBDA undergoes a chemical change that turns it into CBD.
The process of decarboxylation of the acidic form of CBD (CBDa) to Cannabidiol (CBD) with heat.
How to Make CBD Oil at Home
Now that we better understand CBD oil, it’s time to dive in on making CBD oil. The method we’ll describe today is the same one people use with any cannabis oil. It involves the use of dried flower from either an industrial hemp variety or “marijuana.”
Today, plenty of vendors offer industrial hemp dry herb in a variety of different strains and strengths – all with less than 0.3% THC. You can also get high CBD, lower THC flower from a dispensary or medical provider, depending on the laws in your state.
The following recipe will net you about 2 cups (500 ml) of CBD oil. The potency depends on how much CBD is in the dry herb, and the type/amount of carrier oil chosen. We recommend coconut oil because it does an excellent job retaining CBD and other cannabinoids.
The amount of dry herb and oil you use isn’t written in stone. The less oil you use, the more cannabinoids get packed into it. The level of CBD in your dry herb also affects potency.
But enough prepping – let’s make some CBD oil.
Things You’ll Need on Making CBD Oil
- 1/2 oz (14 g) industrial hemp flower or another cannabis flower (if legal)
- Baking sheet
- Aluminum foil
- 1 cup (250 ml) coconut oil
- Oven and stove
- Oven thermometer (optional)
- Meat thermometer
- Pot or saucepan
- Paper towel or coffee filter
Calculating Dosage When Making CBD Oil
Got all your ingredients? Great! Now it’s time to figure out how strong your oil will be. This requires some simple math.
Whether it’s industrial hemp or high-CBD “marijuana,” CBD levels vary from strain to strain. So let’s pretend your flower contains 20.0% CBD:
- Take 20.0 and move the decimal to the right, which shows your herb has 200 mg/g of CBD.
- Multiply that 200 by the number of grams you’re using – in this case, 14.
- We see that the total CBD in your batch will equal 2800 mg prior to decarboxylation.
- Now, we need to know the CBD per milliliter (ml), so divide 2800 by the 250 ml of coconut oil we’re using, which comes to 11.2 mg/ml of CBD oil.
If you find this dose is too little or too much, increase/decrease the amount of dry herb as needed. You can also add more oil to dilute the mixture.
To know how much CBD potency the hemp flower has, make sure you have the third-party lab report to get that number.
Here is a visual of a lab report on a cannabis hemp flower rich in CBD. As you can see, this hemp flower has a potency of 16% CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), which CBDA would then be converted to CBD after decarboxylation. Every 1,000mg of oil will contain roughly 160mg of CBD.
7 Steps on How to Make CBD Oil
Step 1: Preheat the Oven
Preheat your oven to 225 o F. This is a solid middle-ground. But remember that oven temperature isn’t likely to reflect the exact number shown on your stove.
It’s handy to have a simple oven thermometer if you want to keep a more precise tab on temperature. Undercooking won’t properly activate the cannabinoids while overcooking evaporates them away.
Step 2: Grind the Flower
Using your grinder , coarsely grind your cannabis flower . A simple metal hand grinder is a great choice, as these tend to give you the consistency you need.
Don’t over-grind it. If the pieces are too small, you’ll burn them before you even start making your own CBD oil.
Step 3: Prepare the Ground Cannabis
Line your baking sheet with aluminum foil . Evenly lay out the ground cannabis flower on your baking sheet. It’s important to keep it in an even, single layer. Otherwise, the flower won’t cook evenly.
Finally, cover the sheet with aluminum foil .
Step 4: Decarboxylate the Hemp Flower
If you have an oven thermometer inside the appliance, check to make sure you have the right temperature. If the difference is more than 20 o F in either direction, adjust the heat as needed.
Bake for 30 minutes, then remove and let the hemp cool for 45 minutes. Once cool, lift the layer of aluminum foil. If everything went well, the herb will have golden brown, toasted color.
Below is an image of grinded cannabis flower on the left prior to decarboxylation, and decarbed flower on the right.
The picture was taken from Madison Cole from Herbal Dispatch.
Step 5: Mix CBD with Coconut Oil to Make Tincture
Turn your pot or saucepan to low heat, and add the coconut oil. DO NOT allow it to simmer or sizzle.
Use the meat thermometer to check the oil temperature. It should hover at around 150 o F. If the mixture exceeds 200 0 F, you could cause some cannabinoids to evaporate during cooking.
You can use an overhead stirrer like this to set it on automatic, and it will mix the CBD extract with coconut oil to make CBD oil tinctures.
Step 6: Complete the Oil Infusion to make CBD Oil Tinctures
Cook the mixture for 30 minutes to 4 hours. The longer you cook, the more cannabinoids get infused into the oil, and the stronger your final product will be.
Step 7: Strain
Place a coffee filter or paper towel above a cup, small pot, or another container. Carefully and slowly pour the oil onto the filter or paper towel to separate and discard the plant matter.
Pro tip: Use two or three paper towels layered together, as a single one could rip while you pour the oil.
CBD Oil Uses
Congratulations on your first batch! Now that you can make your own CBD oil, it’s time to put it to good use. Although oil is typically associated with straight oral ingestion, there are other things you can do with it.
For instance, you can use it in edible recipes to make an endless range of tasty CBD-rich treats, or mix it with moisturizer to create a soothing topical. Some people add it to smoothies or use it as a salad dressing.
Ultimately, there’s almost no limit to what you can do with CBD oil.
How to Make CBD Oil: Final Thoughts and Tips
While making CBD oil, it’s important to consider safety. There are also some tips we want to address that’ll make your CBD cooking experience much better.
Safety when Making CBD Oil
Fortunately, you won’t be working with explosive substances like butane, nor will you need to worry about leaving solvent traces behind (alcohol method). Aside from “don’t burn yourself,” there’s really nothing else to worry about during the cooking process.
CBD itself, however, is another story. The cannabinoid is known to interact with a broad range of medications . Talk to your doctor before adding CBD to your health routine.
How to Make CBD Isolate: A Step by Step Guide
Whether you’re a new CBD user or known as a hemp advocate by all of your friends, you still might not understand precisely what CBD isolate is. Even seasoned CBD users struggle to comprehend the intricacies of CBD isolate such as how to make CBD isolate, and how it compares to other isolates.
So if you have any questions about CBD isolate, how to make CBD isolate, and any other hemp isolates, you’ve come to the right place. In less than five minutes, you’ll know everything you need to know about CBD isolate and how to make CBD isolate step by step.
CBD isolate is a hemp extract that is refined until cannabinoids like CBD are isolated as a 99%+. Other cannabinoids like CBN and CBG are available as pure isolates too!
What are Isolates?
While CBD oils contain a mixture of plant compounds and oils, isolates are the purest form of a cannabinoid. CBD, CBN, CBG, and other cannabinoids found in hemp can be isolated through an extraction process.
In other words, CBD isolate is a fancy way of saying pure CBD. Most cannabinoid isolates are 99+% pure. While some brands label their products as isolates, just like CBD product, not all isolates are created equal. The quality of isolates are in their purity, but we’ll get more into that later. Related: Does CBD isolate have THC?
How to Make CBD Isolate
Isolating one compound from a plant and extracting it purely is a complicated process that takes time. For the sake of clarity, we’ve boiled the process down to five critical steps to make a CBD isolate product.
1. Grow Premium Hemp: To extract any cannabinoid, including CBD, the hemp utilized must be of the highest quality. Premium hemp is organically grown and CBD-rich, which means there are more cannabinoids available for extraction.
This step is crucial, and you should always know what type of hemp your isolates are extracted from. The difference between premium hemp and industrial hemp is everything when it comes to achieving purified CBD. Although useful, industrial hemp isn’t grown with the same standards and lacks the quality necessary to make CBD isolate that is safe to consume.
- Crude Oil Extraction: In order to obtain this first extract, clean solvents such as ethanol or pressurized Co2 are utilized. The initial extraction results in an oil that contains all of the plant’s components. Crude hemp oil is full of beneficial plant compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, and other minor cannabinoids.
2. Crude to Distillate: Crude hemp oil is further refined through a secondary extraction process that filters out most of the other plant materials resulting in a distillate containing 80-90% purified CBD. This method is sometimes referred to as winterization.
3. Distillate to Isolates: Finally, CBD distillate undergoes an isolation process, which results in pure CBD. This is known as Chromatography, a repeated process until the only thing that remains is pure CBD.
4. Testing Isolates: CBD isolate must be tested to ensure purity. Always check or ask for an up to date COA (lab test) when looking to buy CBD isolate online.
How to make CBD oil from Isolate
CBD is so popular as a pure isolate because isolates have a much broader range of use, including the ability to make CBD oil from isolate. Making your own CBD Oil is easier than you’d expect, and with a pure isolate, you are already halfway there.
Ingredients Required to Make Your Own CBD Oil
• Carrier Oil of Choice (Link to Top 7 carrier oil blog – this is one of our stronger posts in terms of rankings)
What You Need to Make Your Own CBD Oil
• Two pots (one large for holding water and one small to on top)
Once you have all of the necessary items, you’re ready to learn how to make CBD oil from isolate. Pure isolated CBD infuses seamlessly with most carrier oils creating a ready to use CBD tincture that works just as well as what you’ll find in the store. Although the carrier oil that you use is entirely up to you, we recommend coconut MCT oil or hemp seed oil because they work well with CBD product types.
To infuse your isolated CBD with a carrier oil, you’ll need to utilize the double boiling method. The double boiling method is a heat control technique used in cooking that allows you to blend ingredients without exposing them to high temperatures.
Double Boiling to Make CBD Oil from Isolate
After the water in the large pot begins to boil, add your carrier oil and CBD isolate to the smaller pot and stir the mixture until the pure isolate is no longer visible. Pour your CBD infused carrier oil into a container of your choice, and your homemade CBD oil is ready to use.
How to Make CBD Oil from Isolate: The Benefits
Once you learn how to make your own CBD oil, it is hard to go back to buying tinctures. With everything from ingredients to dosage in your control when you make CBD oil from pure CBD isolate, you create a personally tailored experience that is impossible to beat.
Do you want to know the best part of learning how to make your own CBD oil?
You can add other ingredients too! When it comes to isolates, the possibilities are truly limitless, because you don’t have to stop at just CBD. From carrier oils to other plants and even other cannabinoids! CBN and CBG are available as pure isolates too!
How to Make CBD Oil from Isolate: The Catch
Learning how to make your own CBD oil is great, but there is one catch to making CBD oil from isolate: it can’t be full spectrum.
While CBD is excellent as a pure isolate powder, the one downside is that it lacks some of the other beneficial compounds found in the hemp plant. Full spectrum CBD contains a variety of helpful cannabinoids, terpenes, and other organic elements. CBD isolate has perks of its own, but full spectrum CBD provides you with more of hemp’s benefits – the way nature intended.
CBD Isolate vs Full Spectrum CBD
The benefits of CBD are easily overlooked as soon as people begin to argue over which “type” of CBD is best. There are pros to all types of CBD, whether that be a CBD tincture or CBD gummy, but the kind that is best for you depends on what you need.
CBD, as a pure isolate powder, is an excellent option for anyone seeking a strictly CBD-only product. Full spectrum CBD products contain trace amounts of THC and other cannabinoids, so isolates provide a safe alternative for a CBD user.
The purity of CBD isolate offers you the flexibility to make other CBD products such as tinctures as topicals from scratch. CBD isolate blends easily with lotions and other skincare products, enhancing them through the power of hemp.
Pure isolates, especially CBD, are also great for infusing recipes with your favorite cannabinoid.
Full Spectrum CBD:
Full Spectrum CBD is also known as whole plant extract or whole hemp oil extract. Whole plant extracts, like the name suggests, is an extract containing all of the various beneficial components of a plant. From cannabinoids to terpenes and everything in between, whole plant extracts provide you with all of the compounds that make hemp so good for you.
Full spectrum CBD contains trace amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. While THC has gotten a bad rep over the years, studies show that it may work synergistically with other cannabinoids to enhance their effectiveness. This synergetic reaction is known as the entourage effect, which describes how all of a plant’s compounds work together to improve their therapeutic effects. Not all of these compounds are cannabinoids, in fact, hemp is notoriously terpene-rich.
Terpenes are the compounds that give a plant its scent and occasionally flavor. There are many different terpenes, and each possesses unique benefits of their own. Terpenes are known for their potency, so even small amounts have a lasting impact when pairing with a cannabinoid like CBD.
Full Spectrum CBD is ideal for those open to utilizing the benefits of the entire hemp plant. While CBD and other pure isolates are useful in certain situations, full spectrum CBD truly showcases the power of hemp.
Now That You Know How to Make CBD Isolate
You might be wondering how to use CBD isolate, where to buy CBD isolate online, and exactly how to make CBD oil from isolate. Luckily, we’ve got you covered.
Bloom is your resource for all pure isolates. With CBD, CBG, and CBN isolate available on our website, we make it easy to buy CBD isolate online.
Our blog is full of how to’s and complete guides. Check it out to learn everything from mastering the double boiling method to how to use CBD isolate.