Is hemp cbd oil legal for minors

Is CBD Legal for Minors? A Comprehensive Guide for Parents

CBD is everywhere in today’s world. It is on your run-of-the-mill shop shelves and in all kinds of processed foods. So, you might be wondering does that mean I can give my kid this popular product? The answer depends on various rules and regulations.

The 2018 US Farm Bill brought complexity about CBD for many people. A lot of people thought that this bill legalized the consumption of CBD, whereas different states have to opt for it voluntarily. That is why it is still considered illegal in many states.

The Farm Bill did a little something we all can get behind as it removed hemp from laws that prohibit its use. Let’s see what it means for kids, as many people always have one question on the tip of their tongue, “is CBD legal for minors?

By the end of this article, you will know whether you want to buy a CBD box full of beneficial products or keep your kid away from it.

Is CBD Legal for Children?

If you are uncertain about the laws pertaining to CBD about minors, it is important to know that they are the same as adults. There is no federal age requirement, so refer back and look at your state’s cannabis legislation regarding this subject to establish its legality.

You will surely find a way to legally give your child the medical treatment that he needs with CBD. If you want more information on where in each state, check out this website: National Cannabis Industry Association.

For some kids, CBD oil may be the perfect solution. But to find out if it will work for your child and their specific issue, we recommend speaking with a pediatrician first!

Can You Buy CBD at 18?

In states where cannabis is legal, many people purchase CBD products at the dispensary. To buy these items, you need to be 21 years old or older, and most dispensaries will not allow anyone under this age inside their premises without an adult supervising them.

However, age restrictions on CBD vary by state. In some places, you can buy it as long as you are 18, but most online stores will require verification, and 21 years of age in dispensaries are standard practice.

The Concerns Arounds CBD Legality for Minors

The wrong belief that CBD is legal to administer can put parents in a dangerous position with Child Protective Services. This was reinforced by the industry and now parents have no idea what they are doing or how risky this could possibly be for their child.

The only way to ensure that your child is free from THC and other side effects would be by purchasing the product with nothing but CBD. However, there is not anything like pure CBD because they somewhat contain traces of THC.

CBD isolates are a popular form of CBD, but they only offer small traces of THC. A company that wanted to sponsor a brand sent their samples out with a 0% THC report with an accuracy rate near-perfectly zero. However, when the brand tested the sample, they found 0.00006+ of THC in it.

States & CBD Laws for Minors

Parents should always be careful when giving their children THC. The default for parents who give their kids marijuana outside this regulated system is an illegal activity, subjecting them to investigation and charges.

Cannabis has been in the news lately, and it is not just because of its legalization. Federal Schedule I status means that this drug is still considered to have no medical uses, despite research proving otherwise.

States are allowed some autonomy in legalizing the drug, but there’s no guarantee that they’ll be protected from repercussions by CPS.

The legalization of hemp for both medical and adult use has been spreading in recent years. Many states have decriminalized small amounts, allowing parents who choose to give their children CBD oil from this plant the ability to do so without fear.

However, these programs come with strict restrictions and cause a problem if not followed adherently.

When it comes to child custody, the state law you are complying with may not be enough. You need protection from both federal intervention and possible repercussions on your case in order for things to go smoothly without any issues.

The Responsibility of Parents & Professionals

Mandatory reporting laws are a set of federal, state, and local regulations that all professionals in healthcare, school, and providers must follow. These range from physicians to teachers – anyone with access or authority over children is subject to these rules – which can cause problems.

Some groups, like the childcare providers and schools in this example, are subject to federal oversight. They have legal obligations which they must follow if they want funding or licensing from agencies.

For ethical CBD users, it is essential to educate yourself on the legal and safety aspects of using this product in minors. If you are considering giving your child cannabis-based medicine or hemp oil for any condition at all, make sure that by state law where they live as well as local municipality guidelines are met.

However, recent studies show promising results about how this plant extract can positively benefit minors’ health problems such as chronic stress disorders, insomnia, and others.

The CBD Administration Methods for Minors

You may have heard the buzz about CBD oil, which is a type of cannabis product. You can pour this liquid onto your child’s cereal or lunch for quick absorption. A few parents give them sublingually to enhance their bioavailability.

Why not give your kids some CBD gummies to get them on board with taking their vitamins? These tasty treats are just like normal gummy bears or candies that children love so much. It is an effective way to give your kids CBD.

Can Children Consume CBD Through Vape?

If you wonder about the legal age for CBD use, please be informed that it varies from state to state. In 41 of 50 US states, a person must be at least 18 years old in order to vape or smoke cannabis with THC e-liquid products (exceptions include Utah).

However, 21 is considered by some organizations as being too young and others believe that this number should instead reflect current drinking ages across America.

Vaping may be a big hit with the youth, but it is not all fun and games. Municipalities can enforce their own restrictions as well as impose smoking or vaping bans for anyone under 21 years old, so it is a no for kids under 18.

The CBD Dosage for Minors

There are no set dosage guidelines for minors, as it heavily depends on the individual’s condition, weight, and sensitivity. An experiment was conducted on children with epilepsy who were given 50 mg of CBD for 12 weeks. It showed great results with minimum side effects.

The study shows that CBD in large doses is safe for minors. Even so, we recommend starting with a minimal dose needed to see results and monitoring your child’s reaction carefully before increasing them further. For the average adult, this comes down to about 40 mg of CBD a day.

This is a low-dose medication that can be taken for general ailments like insomnia, pain, and anxiety.

Scrutinize the Side Effects of CBD

It is important to note that children are obviously much younger than adults, and their metabolism can be different. This means they may require less CBD for effect but should still receive regular dosage.

It is important to read the labels on your CBD oil boxes to ensure safety for your children.

There are rare cases of side effects with every medication and product. Side effects can be more prevalent in some patients, but we should keep an eye on our children’s reactions if they have been given doses that seem high for their age group.

3 Major Cures of CBD for Minors

Based on the studies available, CBD appears to have a beneficial effect on children. However, it must be consumed legally and from reputable suppliers for best results.

Let’s take a look at three major conditions that are alleviated with CBD:

1: CBD for ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition that affects about five percent of the kids in the USA. It is seen that American boys are more prone to than girls, as per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The research on CBD and its effects on people diagnosed with ADHD is still limited. However, one study suggests that CBD seems capable of significantly reducing impulsive behavior among those affected by mild cases when taken orally.

Not a lot of research has been conducted on CBD and childhood behavior disorders, but some parents out there claim that it works.

2: CBD for Epilepsy

We are all too aware that epilepsy affects more than 4 million children in America today, and it is often a challenging condition to live with. The number of people living with this diagnosis has increased substantially over time because we still have yet to find the cause of the disease.

However, new research suggests CBD may help reduce some side effects from treatment, such as pain, while potentially preventing future episodes by blocking brain inflammation.

Children with epilepsy and Dravet Syndrome who are on a special CBD diet benefit from the use of cannabidiol oil. A study published in the New England Journal for Medicine has found that it worked to reduce seizure frequency by more than 50%.

CBD is now officially backed by the FDA for use in children with epilepsy. A product called Epidiolex has been given a go-to treat two rare conditions: Dravet syndrome and Lennox Gastaut syndrome.

3:CBD for Anxiety

Anxiety is so common that it affects 3% of children. However, kids like them are not normal, and CBD may be able to help alleviate their anxieties in some way or another, according to recent research from CDC reports.

Scientists have found that CBD oil is an excellent treatment for children with anxiety. It is important to note; however, this study involved just one subject, and we need more research before recommending it as a go-to solution in kids’ lives dealing with anxious feelings or disorders like panic attacks or OCD.

If the teen suffers from social anxiety, CBD may be enough to get them out of their comfort zone, but it is not a cure-all solution.

Conclusion

We have seen that how CBD attracts a lot of attention due to its controversial yet beneficial presence. It is taking the world with its several benefits, and we have seen how all the laws revolve around kids. The answer to your question, “Is CBD legal for minors?” was thoroughly addressed in the article.

1: Can children easily consume CBD?

Yes, CBD can be taken by children and it has few-to-no negative side effects. However, little is known about its long-term effects on children or clearly demonstrated in clinical practices.

2: How much CBD oil is safe for minors?

Giving your child CBD can be an effective way to help with their symptoms, and it is easy for them. Just start out on the smallest dose possible and increase the dose gradually. You can measure it by 20 mg/kilogram of bodyweight.

3: What are the side effects of CBD?

You may experience zero to minimum side effects, which are as follows:

  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhea
  • Reduced appetite
  • Feelings of tiredness

4: Can CBD result in panic attacks?

Some CBD users may experience a quickened heart rate and an increase in anxiety, which is very rare. This is usually caused by the high THC content of some products.

5: Is CBD available online?

Buying CBD online is not only possible, but it is also the best way to get products that are not available in stores. The internet provides all kinds of customer reviews, company information, and more.

CBD: What Parents Need to Know

Parents are giving it to kids to combat anxiety and other problems. But there are risks, and little research to support it.

What You’ll Learn

  • Is CBD safe for kids?
  • What are the risks of giving kids CBD?
  • Can CBD help kids who have mental health disorders?
  • Quick Read
  • Full Article
  • What do we know about CBD?
  • Concerns about CBD
  • Is CBD safe?
  • CBD oil for anxiety
  • CBD and autism
  • Research boom

Quick Read

These days, you can find CBD everywhere. Some people believe that it can treat everything from chronic pain and cancer to anxiety and ADHD. But is it safe for kids?

CBD is still pretty new, so there’s very little research about its safety or how well it works, especially for children. So far, there’s only one marijuana-derived medication that has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. It’s called Epidiolex, and it’s used to treat a rare form of epilepsy in patients who are at least two years old.

Because CBD is so new, there also aren’t a lot of rules about what can and cannot be included in CBD products. So, there’s a huge variety in the quality of products. You may even find different amounts of CBD in different packages of the same product.

Since there isn’t a lot of research about CBD, doctors say there are some risks with using CBD for kids. For example, CBD products may contain things other than CBD, and those things could be harmful. Plus, we don’t yet know if CBD works well with other medications or how much you should give your child.

Although a few studies have found that CBD oil might work for anxiety, they only looked at healthy people who were put in situations that made them anxious. There are no studies yet on people with chronic anxiety. Researchers are also exploring CBD for kids with autism spectrum disorder. The results are good so far, but more research needs to be done before we can know if it’s safe and effective.

CBD is everywhere. From corner stores and bars to medical marijuana dispensaries, it’s being offered for its reputed ability to relieve pain and make people feel better.

Though CBD — full name cannabidiol — is extracted from marijuana or hemp, it doesn’t contain THC, the chemical in marijuana that has psychoactive effects, so it doesn’t make you feel high.

Available in the form of vaping, oils, lotions, cocktails, coffee, gummies — you name it — CBD has been touted as a treatment for complaints as far-reaching as chronic pain, cancer, migraines, anxiety and ADHD. You know it’s gone mainstream when even Consumer Reports has issued guides on how to shop for CBD and tips for safe CBD use.

Not only are adults experimenting with CBD for whatever is bothering them, increasingly parents are turning to CBD to help their kids focus, sleep, calm down and more.

But popular use of CBD is blowing up with very little research into its safety or its efficacy, especially in children. The first and only marijuana-derived drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration, Epidiolex, is used to treat a rare, severe form of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older. And since cannabis is in the early stages of legalization and regulation, there is a huge variety in the quality and dosage of products — risks associated with using products that have not been vetted by the FDA.

What do we know about CBD?

For millennia, hemp plants have been used for medicinal purposes around the world. In 1851 marijuana was classified by the United States Pharmocopeia as a viable medical compound used to treat conditions like epilepsy, migraines and pain. But since marijuana and cannabis-related products were made illegal in the US in 1970, there has been a dearth of research about either marijuana or CBD. Its classification as a Schedule 1 drug made it nearly impossible to get federal funding to study cannabis.

“The biggest problem is there’s a lot that we still need to know, especially in kids,” says Paul Mitrani, MD, a clinical psychiatrist at the Child Mind Institute. “In regards to treating mental health disorders in children and adolescents, there’s a lack of evidence to support its use.”

Dr. Mitrani, who is a pediatrician and child and adolescent psychiatrist, says it’s an area worthy of investigation but recommends that parents wait until further research is done before giving a child CBD.

Concerns about CBD

While anecdotal evidence of the benefits of CBD is common, there are risks associated with using these products, especially in children. Some of the concerns:

  • Products are unreliable in delivering a consistent amount of CBD. They could have less, or more, than advertised, and most do not offer independent verification of active contents. Analysis of products for sale show that many do not have the amount of CBD that they advertise. “So you can’t depend on the quality of what you’re getting,” notes Dr. Mitrani.
  • How much is absorbed? Very little is known about how much CBD is actually delivered to the brain in a given product. Various delivery systems — vaping, taking it orally, eating it in baked goods, etc. — have different rates of delivery. Even the oils that the CBD is dissolved in can result in varying effects. “Effects can vary a lot based on the delivery system used and the amount people are exposed to can be inconsistent,” Dr. Mitrani says.
  • Products may contain things other than CBD, and they could be harmful. Lab testing — which provides information about CBD levels, THC levels (if any), and contaminants in the product — isn’t mandatory for CBD products in every state. Without a CoA (Certificate of Analysis) it’s that much harder to verify the safety of the product. Bootleg CBD may be connected to recent lung illnesses and deaths that have been attributed to vaping. The CDC and the American Medical Association recommend avoiding vaping entirely while the cause of these illnesses is determined.
  • CBD may be safe itself, but it may interact with other medications a child is taking, that are also metabolized in the liver.
  • If it’s used for sleep, Dr. Mitrani worries that while it may potentially help with sleep, “your child may become tolerant to it and possibly experience worsening sleep problems if stopped.”
  • Since CBD use — especially for kids — is a still so new, few people are familiar with dosing for children, so determining how much to give your child would be tricky. Clinical doses versus what you might find at a coffeehouse could vary dramatically.
  • The legality of cannabis products and CBD is still murky. CBD derived from hemp is federally legal, while CBD derived from marijuana plants is subject to the legal status in each state — and remains federally illegal. Meanwhile, the FDA issued a statement making clear that products that contain CBD — even if they are derived from legal, commercial hemp — cannot claim to have therapeutic benefits or be sold as dietary supplements unless they have been approved by the FDA for that use.

Is CBD safe?

Last year the World Health Organization, acknowledging the explosion in “unsanctioned” medical uses of CBD, reviewed the evidence for its safety and effectiveness. The WHO report concluded that “CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile.” Any adverse effects could be a result of interactions between CBD and a patient’s existing medications, the WHO noted.

The report found no indication of potential abuse or dependence. “To date there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD or any public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

As for effectiveness, the WHO noted that several clinical trials had shown effectiveness for epilepsy, adding: “There is also preliminary evidence that CBD may be a useful treatment for a number of other medical conditions.”

CBD oil for anxiety

In 2015 a group of researchers led by Esther Blessing, PhD, of New York University, investigated the potential of CBD for treating anxiety. In a review of 49 studies, they found promising results and the need for more study.

The “preclinical” evidence (ie from animal studies) “conclusively demonstrates CBD’s efficacy in reducing anxiety behaviors relevant to multiple disorders,” Dr. Blessing wrote. Those include generalized anxiety disorder, PTSD, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and OCD.

The review notes that the promising preclinical results are also supported by human experimental findings, which also suggest “minimal sedative effects, and an excellent safety profile.” But these findings are based on putting healthy subjects in anxiety-producing situations and measuring the impact of CBD on the anxiety response. Further studies are required to establish treatment with CBD would have similar effects for those who struggle with chronic anxiety, as well as what the impact of extended CBD use may be.

“Overall, current evidence indicates CBD has considerable potential as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders,” Dr. Blessing concludes, “with need for further study of chronic and therapeutic effects in relevant clinical populations.”

CBD and autism

A group of Israeli researchers have been exploring the use of CBD to reduce problem behaviors in children on the autism spectrum. A feasibility study involving 60 children found substantial improvement in behavioral outbreaks, anxiety and communication problems, as well as stress levels reported by parents.

The researchers, led by Adi Aran, MD, director of the pediatric neurology unit at Shaare Tzedek Medical Center, went on to do a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial with 150 participants with autism. In this trial, just completed but not yet analyzed, patients were treated CBD for three months.

Research boom

In the US, research has been given a boost by changing guidelines and laws. In 2015 the DEA eased some of the regulatory requirements that have made CBD, as a Schedule 1 substance, difficult to study. “Because CBD contains less than 1 percent THC and has shown some potential medicinal value, there is great interest in studying it for medical applications,” the DEA said in announcing the change.

And in approving the first CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, last year the FDA expressed enthusiasm for the research boom that is sure to come, paired with stern words for the flood of marketers of products claiming unsubstantiated health benefits.

“We’ll continue to support rigorous scientific research on the potential medical uses of marijuana-derived products and work with product developers who are interested in bringing patients safe and effective, high quality products,” the FDA pledged. “But, at the same time, we are prepared to take action when we see the illegal marketing of CBD-containing products with serious, unproven medical claims.”